Sturmabteilung (SA) (Commentary)

Sturmabteilung (SA) (Commentary)


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This commentary is based on the classroom activity: Sturmabteilung (SA)

Q1: Use the information from the introduction and the sources in the unit to describe the uniform of the SA.

A1: The SA wore grey jackets, brown shirts, swastika armbands (red, with black swastika on white disc), brown ski-caps, knee-breeches, thick woolen socks and combat boots.

Q2: Describe the type of people who joined the SA.

A2: The SA were often former members of the German army or the Freikorps.

Q3: Explain the different tasks performed by the SA.

A3: Members of the SA would parade through the streets. Sometimes, at the end of the march, Hitler would make a speech that encouraged his supporters to carry out acts of violence against Jews and his left-wing political opponents. The SA was assigned the task of winning the battle of the streets against the Communists. They also disrupted the meetings of political opponents. The SA also served as Hitler's bodyguard.


The SA

The Sturmabteilung, or SA, was a paramilitary organization associated with the Nazi Party. The SA was integral to the rise of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party, violently enforcing party norms and attempting to influence elections. After Hitler purged the SA during the Night of the Long Knives in 1934, the SA lost most of its power to the Schutzstaffel, or SS, although the SA did not disband until the war ended in 1945.

Key Facts

The Sturmabteilung , or SA, was also known as the Storm Troopers and the Brownshirts, for the color of their uniform.

Officially founded in 1921, the SA grew out of the Freikorps groups in Germany at the end of World War I. The SA was a critical component of Hitler’s rise to power, and eventually counted more than 4 million members.

The 1934 SA purge, known as the Night of the Long Knives, effectively ended the SA’s political and military power.


Contents

The origins of the SA naturally followed the beginnings of the Nazi Party. At the end of the First World War a small group founded by a locksmith named Anton Drexler in 1918, merged with another group in 1919 to form the "German Workers' Party" (Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or DAP). [2] [3] An obscure former corporal in the regular army, Adolf Hitler, joined the DAP in September 1919, and through his fiery oratory would transform the small party into the "National Socialist German Workers Party" (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP). [4] When the party expanded, a force was needed to protect meetings, in particular from their rivals the Marxists, and the SA was created in Munich in 1921, organized first to kick out hecklers at Nazi meetings, then to break up the meetings of other parties. Their first action during this time was to boot out over a thousand Marxists at the Hofbrauhaus's festival hall in Munich on November 4. They also proceeded to fight the Marxists on the streets, owing to Hitler's view on it being necessary to master the streets. [5] The fascists of Italy under Benito Mussolini would inspire a uniform choice: brown shirts worn by all members, emblazoned with a red band bearing a swastika on the left arm. The uniforms themselves were derived from the Imperial Germany Schultztruppe members stationed in what was originally Germany's colonies in Africa, which they got cheaply largely because of the events of World War I. [6]

Socialist revolution

The SA was a group consisting largely of ex-soldiers, Freikorps (Free Corps) members, and common thugs who believed in the Nazi cause, i.e. socialist revolution and class warfare against the bourgeois capitalist commercial interests perceived to be dominated by Jews they would march in Nazi rallies, assault political opponents and Jewish shops, and intimidate voters during elections. While soldiers and workers endured many hardships during the war, in the immediate aftermath commercial interests and tradesmen were perceived to have profited from the collapse of the Imperial German regime and had not made the same sacrifices during the war as did the workers and soldiers.

One particular political party that the SA frequently assaulted was the Moscow-controlled German Communist Party, which contrary to contemporary telling of history had nothing to do with the latter party adhering to Socialism, but instead dealt with the latter party affiliation with Communist International instead of Germany. One inspiration for the SA brownshirts, in their use of terror to force their views on the masses came from the American Democrat Party-run terror organization, the Ku Klux Klan during the post-Civil War period. Hitler used the SA unsuccessfully during the failed Beer Hall Putsch in Munich, 1923, which resulted in a temporary disarray.

The SA reorganized by 1925. In particular, they gained the uniforms that led to their moniker of "brownshirts", and Hitler had created a small separate unit called the SS within the party that would act as his personal bodyguard. [7] Ironically, however, the reorganized SA ended up nearly causing the Nazi Party to be disbanded again for between 1926 and 1927, after they beat up an old pastor for heckling them. [8] After their victory on September 14, 1930, and then formally taking 107 seats in the Reichstag, the SA, while wearing civilian clothing, proceeded to celebrate by smashing the windows of various Jewish owned shops, department stores, and restaurants, an action that would eventually be repeated on a larger scale in "Kristallnacht", several years later. However, the SA desire to become a revolutionary army, and frequently conducting attacks despite Hitler's insistence that they lay low, often embarrassed him, which ultimately resulted to a minor coup at the Berlin Nazi Party offices led by SA Captain Walter Stennes being put down by the SS on Hitler's orders. [9]

In 1931, the SA were led by a radical who had grandiose dreams of his own: Ernst Röhm, who had been nominated to replace Stennes for command of the SA. An anti-capitalist who believed in a permanent, continuing revolution [10] (in a manner similar to what Leon Trotsky advocated), Röhm would use the SA to propel Hitler to the chancellery as well as increase the size of the organization to such an extent that it would threaten to replace the much smaller 100,000 man army as Germany's main fighting force, with himself at its head. To that extent the charismatic Röhm swelled the SA from approximately 200,000 in 1931 to close to 2 million men by 1933. His homosexual nature and stature within the SA also was the subject of scandal for Hitler and the Nazis during the 1932 election when the Social Democrats leaked letters between Röhm and a male doctor regarding their tastes in men to the general public. [11]

Eventually, the SA, alongside the SS, were banned by Heinrich Bruening via Article 48 in April 1932, with the SA being outraged over this, although Hitler allowed it to be done, knowing full well that it was only a temporary setback, which was ultimately proven when Schleicher after secretly meeting with Hitler on May 8, 1932 proceeded to lift the ban and also have the Reichstag dissolved and have new elections in exchange for Hitler's support for a nationalistic government. The ban was fully lifted by June 15. They later proceeded to arrive at Berlin en masse in August in anticipation of Hitler's ascension into power. However, Hindenburg ultimately refused to allow Hitler into power, largely because of the SA's behavior, with Papen and Schleicher offering vice chancellor as compensation on August 13. This resulted in Hitler threatening to have the SA engage in violent mayhem for three days across Germany, which resulted in him being brought before Hindenburg and told off by the president in person. Hitler was ultimately forced to put the SA into furlough for two weeks. In addition, the Nazis were losing seats by November 6 of that year, with the SA's behavior being one of the main reasons for it (alongside Hitler and Hindenberg refusing to compromise, people growing tired of various new elections for the Reichstag seats occurring continuously, and the Communists' destructive behavior also turning the populace against them). [12]

Ultimately, Hitler made a strong showing in the German presidential election against Hindenburg, thereby establishing himself as a strong political force. Thereafter on January 30, 1933, the SA, alongside the SS, turned out in full uniform to celebrate his election victory, and also awaited for him to make an appearance alongside crowds of men, women and children with Nazi banners. [13]

Reichstag fire

To consolidate power, Hitler needed the backing of two groups considered fundamental to Germany's well-being: the big-business industrialists - such as I.G. Farben and Krupp - and the army. Both eyed the SA as an uncontrolled mob, and Röhm as a power-seeker who wanted control over the army indeed, evidence that he was an avid homosexual only added fuel to the fire, [14] although Hitler assured them that he had no plans to replace the army with the SA. [15] In addition, in order to ensure Nazi control was consolidated within the government, Hermann Göring, by that time the Minister of the Interior of Prussia, had hundreds of police officers who had been loyal to the Weimar Republic replaced with Nazi officials loyal only to Hitler, and also gave strict orders that the police not interfere with the SA, or the SS, under any circumstance, thus ensuring the SA could get away with beating up, harassing, and even murdering anyone with impunity. [15] On February 22, the SA, through Göring, managed to gain the power of the police force by setting up an auxiliary arm of the police force that allowed for 50,000 men strong. On February 24, the SA raided the Communist headquarters in Berlin, and then, via the list of members of the Communist party, proceeded to list all 4,000 members of the German Communists, with Göring falsely claiming that they uncovered a Communist plot to have the excuse to do so.

On February 27, members of the SA led by Karl Ernst proceeded to commit arson on the Reichstag, with Marinus van der Lubbe, a Communist arsonist who sought to instigate a revolution via arson, to also aid in the fire. After the resulting Reichstag Fire Decree was passed, the SA alongside the SS proceeded to raid known Communist hideouts and even private homes via trucks and then abduct them with the excuse of putting them under "protective custody, where many of them ended up beaten and tortured at the various SA barracks. Eventually, on March 5, after the elections, armed SA and SS members proceeded to raid the Reichstag to throw out legitimate office holders to replace them with Nazi Reich commissioners, using the aforementioned Reichstag Fire Decree as their justification. They then placed a number of political enemies in hastily constructed "wild" concentration camps, which were stockades with little more than barbed wire, and run by the SA. On May, there were flooded applications for Nazi branch organizations, with some going for the SA and SS after Hitler put a hiring freeze. 50,000 of the SS men were later thrown out by Heinrich Himmler, with the older members cynically calling them "March Violets." [15] [16] [17]

Enabling Act

On April 1, 1933, a week after the Enabling Act had been passed by the Nazis, the SA during the resulting boycott stood in front of any Jewish shops, department stores, professional offices, and various business places and picketed them with signs saying "Germans, defend yourselves against the Jewish atrocity propaganda, buy only at German shops!" However, this ended up a failure on the part of the SA due to the German populace largely ignoring the signs in order to get discounts, as well as getting shopping chores out of the way (as it occurred on a Saturday), in addition to the smaller stores owned by Observant Jews being closed for the Sabbath in either case. [18]

Night of the Long Knives

Eventually, the powerful men in the Nazi hierarchy - Himmler, Göring, and Joseph Goebbels - saw Röhm and the SA as a threat to their recently-won acquisition of power and decided on a plan to eliminate him, with Hitler ultimately agreeing. At first, Hitler during a party meeting on February 1934 told Rohm that he won't the military commander/official in Nazi Germany, nor would the SA act as the official military, although he did intend to reserve them for certain political actions. Rohm publicly agreed with Hitler and signed the agreement, although after Hitler left, he made clear to the other members of the SA that he had no intention of honoring the agreement, viewing Hitler as a traitor. Two months later, Rohm dug himself and the SA into a deeper hole by boldly proclaiming to various foreign people in a press release that "[the Sturmabteilung] is the National Socialist Revolution", which ultimately made him a target by his rival, Himmler, alongside the latter's second in command, Reinhard Heydrich.

After a long talk on June 1934, Rohm had the SA, by that time reaching well over four million members, go on leave for the month of July, with Hitler vowing to meet with the SA in a resort village near Munich to sort things out. However, on June 17 Vice Chancellor Franz von Papen ended up exposing the SA's rowdy behavior in a stump speech, as well as strongly insinuating that, far from being anti-Marxists, the SA were in fact actual Marxists, with President Hindenburg, alongside General Blomberg, admonishing Hitler and warning him that if he didn't get the SA under control, they would put Germany under martial law by the German military. In addition, Himmler and Reinhard Heydrich were busy spreading rumors that Rohm and the SA were planning to overthrow the government. By June 28, Hitler, after being notified by telephone by Goring that various German conservatives were advocating for Hindenburg to declare martial law and that Rohm was planning an imminent overthrow during Josef Terboven's wedding, decided to put the plan in action, and eventually left his hotel at 2 a.m. to personally confront the SA leadership at the Bad Wiessee resort. This after Goring and Himmler made repeated late night phone calls indicating that the SA had somehow found out about the plans and are planning a counterattack. After arriving in Munich, he learned from Adolf Wagner that SA street demonstrations had occurred at Munich though they had since dissipated. Hitler then arrived at the Ministry of the Interior to confront the three SA members responsible, and ripped the Nazi insignia off their uniforms. [19]

Beginning on June 30, 1934, the Night of the Long Knives (die Nacht der langen Messer) took place near Munich at the Hanselbauer Hotel in Bad Wiessee where it was known that SA leadership were on holiday the plan for execution was conceived by Himmler and Heydrich. Röhm - caught in bed with a male SA lover by Hitler himself - was then arrested and eventually executed, as well as many SA leaders over the next two days. [14] The only exception was Edmund Heines, who was summarily executed on Hitler's orders after seeing him in bed with a male lover. The Night of the Long Knives eventually spanned Berlin and 20 other cities, which had included the SA leader of Berlin, Karl Ernst. Rohm himself would ultimately end up gunned down while in Dachau after the latter refused to commit suicide via revolver due to arrogantly demanding that Hitler deliver the final blow, with the camp commander, Eicke, angrily telling the former SA leader it was too late when he attempted to insist in what were allegedly his final words that Hitler was the fuhrer. [19] Himmler gained enormously from the killings his Schutzstaffel (SS) became its own separate branch and would later grow from Hitler's personal bodyguard to become a terrifying force in World War II. [20] Its leadership decimated, the SA became a shadow of its former self. Thereafter, its only military use was that of training units for the German armed forces and later acting as the Home Guard during World War II.

The term is sometimes erroneously broadened to include all Nazis and even all fascists, although strictly speaking Italian fascists were Blackshirts, for similar reasons of their uniform. [21] The term "Stormtrooper" was used earlier by the Imperial German Army to denote special trench assault units during World War I (although in that case, they were referred to as "Stoßtruppen", literally "Shock Troops" or "Siege Troopers", and the companies they operated in were known as "Sturmtruppen").

A lot of their tactics in disrupting meetings by rival political organizations were replicated by similar groups, most notably the Sandinista National Liberation Front, the Weather Underground at the 1968 Democratic Convention, and Antifa during widespread Leftwing violence in the Trump era and continuing into the illegitimate Biden regime. [22] [23] [24]


DETAILS

Nazis were the last political and cultural party remaining in Germany after WWII.

The National Socialist German Workers’ Party, commonly referred to in English as the Nazi Party, was a socialist (Mises Institute) political party in Germany that was active between 1920 and 1945 and practised the ideology of Nazism. Its precursor, the German Workers’ Party, existed from 1919 to 1920.

Brown Shirts aka SA or the Sturmabteilung

Brown Shirts, aka SA or the Sturmabteilung (literally Storm Detachment) functioned as the original paramilitary wing of the Nazi Party.

During the 1920s and 1930s, the SA functioned as a private militia used by Hitler to intimidate rivals and disrupt the meetings of competing political parties, especially those of the Social Democrats and the Communists. Also known as the “brownshirts” or “stormtroopers”, the SA became notorious for their street battles with the Communists.

SS or Schutzstaffel

The Schutzstaffel (literally “Protection Squadron“) was a major paramilitary organization under Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party (NSDAP) in Nazi Germany, and later throughout German-occupied Europe during World War II. It began with a small guard unit known as the Saal-Schutz (Hall-Protection) made up of NSDAP volunteers to provide security for party meetings in Munich. In 1925, Heinrich Himmler joined the unit, which had by then been reformed and given its final name. Under his direction (1929–45), it grew from a small paramilitary formation to one of the most powerful organizations in Nazi Germany. From 1929 until the regime’s collapse in 1945, the SS was the foremost agency of security, surveillance, and terror within Germany and German-occupied Europe.

The SS was the organization most responsible for the genocidal killing of an estimated 5.5 to 6 million Jews and millions of other victims in the Holocaust.

Communist Party of Germany

The Communist Party of Germany was a major political party in Germany between 1918 and 1933, and a minor party in West Germany in the postwar period until it was banned in 1956.

RFB or the Roter Frontkämpferbund

RFB, or the Roter Frontkämpferbund (Alliance of Red Front-Fighters), was officially a non-partisan and legally registered association, but in practice a paramilitary organization under the leadership of the Communist Party of Germany during the Weimar Republic. The clenched fist “protecting the friend, fighting off the enemy” was the symbol of the RFB used on all its insignias and its registered trademark since March 1, 1926.

In May 1932, the communist paramilitary organisation Rotfrontkämpferbund had been banned and, following a skirmish between Nazi and communist members in the parliament, the Antifaschistische Aktion was founded to ensure that the communists had still a militant wing to rival the paramilitary organisations of the Nazis.

AntiFA

The groups’ origins are in the heterogeneous anti-fascist groups of the late 1930s and early 1940s, mostly made up of social democrats, Communists, and progressive Christians.

The first German movement to call itself Antifaschistische Aktion was proclaimed by the German Communist Party (KPD). In the wake of the Machtergreifung in 1933, the organization was forced to dissolve.


Four Bees

Today we will continue with another Veteran Bring-Back edged weapon that was brought back home by my grandfather (see previous blog entry) during WW2. But before I go any further, I would again like to state my stance on the the whole Nazi Party and their views and actions:

As a note to those who do not know me. I do not subscribe to, endorse or believe in the ideology of the Nazi Party. in any form, or any way! I am a collector of military artifacts and history. I present these items and their associated histories solely for educational and documentation purposes.


With that said, let's get on with today's item. For presentation today, we have a pre-WW2 Sturmabteilung (SA) Dagger. This dagger was brought back home to the US from Germany during WW2, by my grandfather, William R. Spannaus, after he was wounded in May of 1945. As you will read later, it has a very interesting history.



The Sturmabteilung were the original "Storm Troopers" of the Nazi Party. They were officially formed back in 1921 after a large "Beer Hall Brawl" erupted after one of Hitler's early political meetings. A band of Nazi thugs proceeded to beat and thrash members of the opposition that were present. These thugs became the SA, or Sturmabteilung, also known as the "Brown Shirts". These guys were Nazi's to the core and formed the first Nazi paramilitary units in Germany. The SA were the official "enforcers" of the twisted and truly evil Nazi doctrine and philosophy. They officially existed until the war's end in 1945, but were basically finished after 1934. If you are interested in all of the details, you can read more about them here: Sturmabteilung History

Here is the story about this dagger as my grandfather told it to me: In April of 1945, the US 89th Division liberated the Ohrdruf Slave Labor Camp near the town of Gotha, Germany. This was the first concentration camp that the US forces had discovered and had actually liberated. My grandfather's unit, the 405th Quartermaster Company was camped just outside Ohrdruf. My grandfather told me that after the camp was liberated, they were swarmed with ex-prisoners, all wanting help. He said that there was one Polish prisoner that kept coming up to him and his companions and tugging on their clothes and asking to travel with them and work for them. He said that he kept bushing this man away until he finally disappeared. a while later he returned with a Nazi dagger and presented it to him and continued asking for work. My grandfather accepted the dagger and the Polish ex-prisoner traveled with his unit, working as a mess cook, until they were near the Eastern Border. The Pole then said his good-byes and took off on his own, to find his way back home. My grandfather said that he never knew exactly where the Pole got the dagger, but I would imagine that it came from one of the Nazi guards from the camp. After my grandfather was wounded, he tucked this dagger in next to him and kept it close while he was transported to a field hospital, to Paris, and then to the US. If you look close, you will see the dark stains of his (my grandfather's) blood on the handle and edge of the pommel . An amazing artifact from one of the darkest chapters of this world's history.


Ex-prisoners from Ohrdruff with an US GI.

Before we get on with the photos of the dagger, here is a little bit of history and some details. The SA daggers were the most widely produced daggers of the Third Reich. Over 1 Million were produced by over 200 separate manufacturers. Each member of the SA was entitled to own and carry one of these daggers, but they had to be privately purchased. Each manufacturer's version of the dagger was slightly different and as such, the dagger parts are not interchangeable between manufacturers. This was true up until 1936 when the Reichszeugmeisterei (RZM) was formed, and manufacturing standards were codified and enforced. After 1936, all official Nazi items had to have an RZM number stamped on it. After the RZM requirement was instituted, the number of manufacturers dropped to 62. This dagger does not have a RZM number, which dates it in the 1921 to 1936 time window.

Each dagger is stamped on the hilt with the initial code for the SA Group that the original owner was attached to. This dagger is stamped with "Sa", signifying the Sachsen Group.



The SA daggers were inscribed with "Alles für Deutschland", or in English: All for Germany.


3 Answers 3

The SA was used to terrorize political opponents they originated from right-wing paramilitary groups that were abundant in Germany after the first world war. (The peace treaty limited the German army to a certain number (100000 soldiers) the German imperial army in the first world war was much larger and many units resented both the peace treaty and the new republic and simply refused to give up their arms.)

At first, the SA was used to protect Nazi-party events. (You are right, most political parties in Germany at the time had similar organizations for this purpose, the social democrats for instance had the Reichsbanner, the communists had the RFB etc.).

By 1923, as mentioned by @Tom Au the SA was used much more aggressively, however, forming the backbone of Hitlers first attempt to seize power. From the late 1920s, as the SA grew, there were more and more incidents of them openly terrorizing political opponents and thereby unlawfully influencing the political process consider this murder of a German labor union activist as an example (unfortunately only in the German and Italian wikipedia).

Note that the SA was illegal during parts of the 1920s and the early 1930s - the German authorities realized, of course, that they were a threat. However, as substantial parts of the German burocracy, and substantian parts of the political and economic elites supported the right wing (and from a certain point on specifically Hitler), this did not last long. They played an important part in Hitler's consolidation of power in 1933. Many of them were briefly given official status as auxiliary police force having already influenced the voting process in the elections in February 1933 (having been ordered to "monitor" them), they then prevented the seating of elected left-wing MPs in parliament.


Sturmabteilung (SA) (Commentary) - History

The SA or Brown Shirts, were a private political formation which Adolf Hitler and the NSDAP used to maintain order at organized Party meetings and demonstrations. The group was formed in 1921, and grew to a huge force of nearly 3,000,000 men by the later 1930's. To instill esprit de corps , as well as create employment for the Blade City of Solingen, it was decided each SA man would carry a dagger with his Brown Shirt uniform. Huge quantities needed to be produced to accommodate the demand. The dagger initially was produced of hand-fitted nickel mounts with attractive finished wood grip and brown anodized (a bluing process) finished scabbard.

The blade was etched with the SA motto, Alles für Deutschland . Examples produced prior to 1935 were stamped with the German sector of the SA group on reverse lower crossguard. Later examples underwent standardization through the RZM ministry. These pieces were produced of cheaper plated zinc-base fittings and scabbards were simply painted brown.

Prior to his "unmasking" as a traitor, Ernst Röhm was the leader of the SA. In 1934, he distributed approximately 100,000 SA daggers with his personal inscription on the reverse blade. These daggers were to honor individuals who had served with the SA prior to December, 1931. Other than the inscription, these pieces were identical to the standard M1933 SA dagger. After the Röhm purge, the inscription was ordered to be removed. Many examples were returned to the factory for grinding. Others were simply ground in the field by whatever means were available. Examples will occasionally be encountered with remnants of the original inscription remaining on the blade, but mostly none will remain. Some blades exist with an intact inscription, exhibiting only the removal of the Röhm signature. Very, very rarely is an example seen with a full, untouched inscription, as the holder would have surely risked a charge of treason.


SADAGGERS #45562 Early SA with Brown Vertical Hanger by Tiger

This is one of the best looking SA’s I have come across in a while. It really has everything and much “wow” factor.

The nickel crossguards are in immaculate condition having very fine smooth surfaces crisp edges and precise accent grooves. The tang nut has just a little bit of gnarling at the top where someone years ago I guess had to take a look. It does not really detract however. The lower crossguard is gruppe marked “Nrh”.

The grip is quite beautiful being in absolute perfect condition. It is a very pleasing mahogany like wood with nice sharp ridges and contours and fits the crossguards like a glove. A beautiful grip here. The SA runes button is perfectly placed with good enamel. The nickel grip eagle is the style with point behind the head. It shows no wear at all with full detail to the bird’s head breast and wing feathering talons wreath and swastika. A beautiful beautiful hilt here.

The scabbard holds up to the looks of the hilt. The shell is completely straight and has 100 percent of the original anodizing. There are still lacquer traces throughout the obverse and reverse areas. The scabbard mounts are choice nickel being in perfect condition to include the lower ball. The mounts are retained by nickel screws.

Attached to the scabbard is a very fine early vertical hanger. This hanger is extremely well made and still has mint coffin shaped leather on the back with even the original finish on the heads of the two reverse rivets. The retainer strap and the cross strap with buckle having a roller are in perfect condition. Attached to the vertical is a early nickel snap clip which is marked on the reverse “DRGM” and “926719”. A beautiful rigging here.

The blade of this example could not be any better. It is full mint and in immaculate condition. The blade has a fine crisp motto with the factory frosting still being at 100 percent. The reverse of the blade has the very popular trademark featuring a nicely striped cat making its way across the blade. The details are all there to the cat’s eyes growling mouth legs and tail with curl at the end. Beneath the cat is the firm’s name Tiger and “Solingen”. The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower crossguard.

A very fine dagger here that is a lifetime keeper.

SADAGGERS #45647 SA “Name Only” Partial Ground Röhm by Carl Eickhorn

This Eickhorn dagger has classic nickel Eickhorn fittings. The fittings have a nice patination to them and have smooth surfaces crisp edges and the very precise accent grooves we see from this maker. The tang nut is in nice condition and does not appear to have been turned. The lower crossguard is gruppe marked “Fr”.

The typical Eickhorn grip is a very fine example being a mahogany like wood having fine attractive vertical running grains. It has some lighter colors in the finish and gives a very pleasing look to the eye. The grip remains in perfect condition throughout with high center ridge grip. This grip fits the crossguards like a glove. The SA runes button remains in perfect condition with fine enamel. The grip eagle is the high necked version. The head breast feathering and talons show a little bit of minor surface wear but the wings wreath and swastika are still quite crisp. A fine grip here.

The scabbard shell is straight throughout. The anodizing is all there but there is some even age spotting present on both sides. The nickel scabbard mounts are in excellent condition to include the lower ball. The original nickel screws are all in place and unturned.

Attached to the carrying ring is what appears to be the original to the piece short hanger. It is the early style with excellent leather and the small loop is still present. The nickel mounts are in perfect condition and the clip is the “snout nosed” variety having the rivet that retains the spring.

The blade obverse is in nice condition still being bright and with the exception of a small rub at the obverse ricasso area which apparently was done at the time the blade was ground this blade is in near mint condition. It has a good motto still retaining just about 98 percent of the original darkening in the letter backgrounds. The reverse blade still has its full inscription remaining and only the Ernst Röhm signature was ground out. An attempt was made to regrain the area over the ground portion but it is quite obvious that this is a ground out piece. The small 1933 through 35 trademark was also affected during the grinding. The squirrel logo was mostly removed but the double circles remain and most of the Cark Eickhorn name is there and all of “Solingen” is there. The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower crossguard contour.

It's also worth noting which we see on quite a few ground Röhm pieces I believe that this piece also has the very tip broken off as a further shaming of the motto. The blade was retipped somewhere along the line and other than being about one quarter of an inch short the blade looks quite normal.

A nice 100 percent original name only partial ground Röhm dagger.

SADAGGERS #45632C Late SA RZM M7/66 (Carl Eickhorn)

This later produced Carl Eickhorn piece is in choice condition throughout. The nickel plated crossguards are perfect with no lifting anywhere and the same is true of the never turned tang nut.

The RZM style grip has a good center ridge and it is a fine dark color brown wood with vertical running grain. The grip remains totally perfect and beautifully fits the crossguards. The SA runes button has 100 percent enamel. The grip eagle is an aluminum high necked version. It remains in pristine crisp condition with full details to the bird’s head breast and wing feathering talons wreath and swastika. A very very fine hilt here.

The scabbard shell is straight throughout having perfect chocolate brown color paint. This paint could not be any better and still retains its early shiny finish. The nickel plated steel scabbard mounts are also completely perfect being 100 percent and having fine brightness. The ball has never been dropped. The dome head style screws are all in place and still have their original plating.

Attached to the hanging ring is what appears to be the original to the piece hanger. This short hanger has excellent brown leather complete with the small retainer loop. The nickel plated hardware is still in bright condition. The snap clip is marked RZM M5/71 OLC. Attached to the short hanger is a fine belt loop. The belt loop has matching brown leather and is complete with a nickel plated D ring.

The blade is a very fine example still being mirror bright. It shows just the slightest signs of being around a little bit but it is still in mint condition with needlelike tip. The SA motto is extremely dark with 100 percent of the original darkening in the letter backgrounds. The reverse is marked with a single open RZM circle over the Carl Eickhorn code “M 7/66”. Below the code is the date produced 1941. The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower crossguard contour.

A fine mint Eickhorn late SA dagger.

SADAGGERS #45630C Late SA RZM M7/9 (SMF)

This late SA dagger is in very fine condition. The crossguards have excellent nickel plated surfaces showing only the most modest of age but no lifting anywhere. The same is true of the unturned tang nut.

The fine grip is a somewhat narrower RZM type with high center ridge. The wood is a darker color having vertically running grain. The grip fits the crossguards perfectly. The SA runes button has 100 percent enamel. The late aluminum eagle is the high necked version. The bird still retains all of its features to his head breast and wing feathering talons wreath and swastika. A very nice hilt here.

The scabbard shell is straight throughout. It has very fine chocolate brown paint. There is one spot at the lower reverse portion of the scabbard where there is black color paint that is showing. I have seen this many times in the past on later SA daggers and we feel this indicates that this scabbard was originally produced as an NSKK example and the factories found they over-ordered and had them painted brown so that they would accommodate orders for SA daggers. The scabbard mounts are fine nickel plated steel type they retain their original bright shine and are in perfect condition to include the lower ball. The dome head screws are all in place and are unturned.

Attached to the carrying ring is a fine matching vintage short hanger and belt loop. The shirt hanger has very fine brown leather and is complete with its small retainer loop. The hanger leather is also marked with an RZM code that ends with 41 being the date of production. The buckle has lost some of its plating but has no rust. The snap clip still has all of its plating and it is marked RZM M5/71/OLC. The accompanying belt loop has perfect brown leather matching the hanger and is equipped with a nickel plated D ring.

The blade is about as nice as they come. It is in full mint condition with all of its crossgrain. The SA motto is very precise and dark having 100 percent of the shading in the letter backgrounds. The reverse ricasso features a single open RZM circle above the code “M7/9” and below is the production date of “1941”. This code relates to the SMF firm. It is interesting to note that we see very few late SMF SA daggers. Apparently they were not as active in this market as they were in some of the others such as the Luftwaffe marketplace. If you are collecting RZM marks this is probably one that you have not found yet.

SADAGGERS #45631C Late SA RZM M7/27 (Puma)

This Puma dagger is a very fine example. The nickel plated crossguards have 100 percent of the plating and show little to no age. The same is true of the tang nut.

The beautiful grip is a lighter brown color having fine shape with strong center ridge. It is a fairly narrow grip. The grip perfectly fits the crossguards. The SA runes button has 100 percent enamel. The grip eagle is a point behind the head style bird. This bird has full details to his head breast and wing feathering talons wreath and swastika. A very nice hilt here.

The scabbard shell is straight throughout. It has 100 percent of its original dark chocolate brown paint. The fine scabbard is fitted with nickel plated steel mounts. These mounts have 100 percent plating and are still factory bright. The ball is in perfect condition. The four dome head screws are in place and still have their plating.

Attached to the carrying ring is a fine short hanger and belt loop. The hanger has perfect leather and still has its retaining loop. This leather is RZM stamped RZM L2/60/41. The hanger hard is the plated type with the snap clip being the later mute finish. There is a belt loop attached with good matching leather and pebbled D ring and the belt loop is also marked RZM : L2/371.

The blade is in outstanding condition still being BRIGHT all crossgrain. The SA motto is very dark with all shading in the backgrounds. This blade is in mint condition. The reverse is marked with a single RZM circle over the Puma code RZM M7/27. The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower crossguard contour.

A fine RZM Puma piece here.

SADAGGERS #45633C Late SA RZM M7/33 1940 (F. W. Höller)

This Holler piece is in nice condition throughout. The plated crossguards show some minor age being just a tad of lifting where the upper guard meets the wood grip. The lower guard still has full plating. The tang nut remains in good condition.

The SA runes button still has 100 percent of its enamel. The grip eagle is a nickel example being the style with the beak that points slightly upward. All of the details remain to the bird’s head breast and wing feathering talons wreath and swastika. This grip niely fits the guards.

The scabbard shell is straight throughout. It has a chocolate brown paint which is just about perfect on the reverse and shows a minor amount of age and some usage signs towards the bottom edges but it is not bad. The scabbard mounts are the nickel plated over steel base. They still remain bright and in perfect condition to include the lower ball. The four dome head screws are in place and are unturned.

Attached to the scabbard is a early style hanger. This hanger apparently is not original to the piece but nevertheless it is a fine example. The leather is in fine condition to include the retainer loop. The buckle and snap clip and the early nickel type. The snap clip is the unmarked variety. Attached to the clip is a nice belt loop which has a snap clip enabling the D ring to be removed.

The blade of this example shows a little bit of minor age and usage. There are a few very light spots on it but it still does have its crossgrain. The motto also shows some wear and about 40 to 50 percent of the darkening remains in the letter backgrounds. This blade still has needlelike tip and it grades better than excellent. The reverse ricasso is marked with an open double circle RZM over the code M7/33 which equates to the F. W. Höller firm. The date of manufacture is below being 1940. The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower crossguard.

A good dagger here if you’re just looking for a nice RZM example that is complete and reasonably priced.

SADAGGERS #30083 Late SA Dagger, RZM M7/27 - Pumawerke

This later made SA Dagger is in "as found" condition. It has a pretty nice outside and some interesting aspects about it. The dagger does not look to have ever been apart nor has it been cleaned. The crossguards are still bright beneath some mild patination. I would think that they would clean up very nicely with very little effort. The grip is a typical RZM type being a mild brown having a vertical grain. The grip is of medium ridge construction. The SA runes button is good condition throughout the enamel. The grip eagle was one of the nickel-plated copper types. Some nickeling still remains in the wing areas as well as the recesses of the wreath. The bird is the "point-behind-the-head" type and much of its original details remain throughout the head, breast feathering, wing feathering, wreath and swastika. The grip fits the crossguards like a glove.

The scabbard shell is straight throughout. It has outstanding original chocolate brown color which is still there at 100%. It is possible to see that the surfaces were sanded beneath the paint rather than a prime coat. The scabbard mounts are also in choice condition showing original factory luster beneath the patination. The lower mount has a small rounded ding in its surfaces which would easily come out with very little effort. The ball has a little hit but it is intact. These mounts are held by the original dome head screws which are in place, unturned and still have their plating. The interesting part about this dagger is also the hanger. It is the original hanger to the piece and the original wearer elected to put the belt loop portion within the leather rather than hook it to the snap hook. It has remained this way as I have not opened it up. The leather to the short hanger is marked, "L2/60/41". The belt loop is also marked, "L2/5/39". Despite the different dates the rigging is all original to its self. The hardware is the nickel-plated type and there is a little bit of age on the buckle marked, "571".

Unfortunately the blade on this example is not as nice as the outside but it should have some potential for someone that wants to work on it. The blade still has most of its crossgraining and it has a good strong SA motto with 100% of the black backgrounds. The trouble is some staining in the surfaces and it also looks as though someone put the edges through one of those electric can opener knife sharpeners. There is some scarring in the blade caused by this. Overall though I think the blade would clean up quite a bit but I doubt if the scarring could be taken out without ruining the crossgraining. The reverse of the blade is matching etched having an open single RZM circle over the code, "M/7/27". The blade nicely fits the crossguard contours. A good dagger here for someone that is a little bit handy and wants to make a better example out of it. If nothing else the leather that is attached is certainly desirable and very collectible.

SADAGGERS #45434C Early SA by Friedirus Schmitz

This early dagger is in its original condition not looking to have been cleaned. The fine nickel crossguards and tang nut all appear to be untouched and have a fine dull patination across their surfaces. The surfaces of the guards are smooth with crisp edges and precise accent grooves. The lower reverse crossguard is gruppe marked “Om”.

The grip is a fine lighter color wood being in perfect condition and showing very little to no wear. It fits the crossguards perfectly. The SA runes button has good enamel. The nickel eagle is the style with beak which point upward. There is just a tad of wear to the breast feathering and talons but the head wings and wreath and swastika are still crisp. A good hilt here.

The scabbard shell is straight throughout. It has all of the anodizing but there is just a little bit of age evenly spread throughout the obverse and reverse but not bad. The matching patinated nickel scabbard mounts remain in perfect condition retained by the four early screws.

The blade is still mostly good being just a tiny bit gray and also having a minor amount of sharpening on both sides of the edges but it is not bad and not really noticeable. This blade still grades at excellent. The SA motto is in good condition with about 95 percent of the original darkening in the letters. The reverse ricasso is marked with the interesting trademark of this maker. It consists of two kettle pots having a spoon in both of them. Above the pots is the firm’s namer Frider. Aug. Schmitz Solingen. The blade shoulders perfectly fit the lower crossguard.

The Schmitz rating on the McSARR scale is a 6 but I don’t remember seeing very many of these in the past and I think this rating could be a little low.

SADAGGERS #45452C Early SA by Rob. Giersch

This Giersch produced dagger is in very nice condition here. The nickel crossguards have never been touched and have a fine patina to their smooth surfaces crisp edges and fine accent grooves. The tang nut does appear to have been out of this example. The reverse lower crossguard is gruppe marked “Wm”.

The grip is in perfect condition being a more rounded type. It fits the crossguards lie a rubber glove. The SA runes button has perfect enamel. The nickel eagle the high necked variety having full details there to the bird’s head breast and wing feathering talons wreath and swastika.

The scabbard shell is nice and straight throughout. It has good anodizing also having a little bit of lacquer showing here and there and some age over the surfaces but all in all a very nice shell here. The scabbard mounts are matching nickel and they are in good condition. The lower ball has just one small line shaped tap across the bottom of it. The four screws are all in place and are unturned.

The dagger is equipped with the original to the piece short hanger. This short hanger has excellent original leather still having the fine factory color and is complete with the small retainer loop. The hardware is the nickel type and the clip is a conventional shaped style being marked on the reverse “A” and “DRGM”.

The blade is a great example. It is bright throughout and has a very fine motto with 100 percent of the darkening remaining in the letters. The crossgrain is all there and there is a fine needlelike tip. This blade is in mint condition. The reverse ricasso is interesting as the trademark depicts a schoolmarm appearing to be on her way to the classroom complete with hat dress and a portfolio in her right hand. Above the woman is the firm’s name “Rob. Giersch” in an oval and below the location city “Solingen”. The blade shoulders perfectly meet the crossguard contour.

A very nice dagger not seen too often and always interesting with this trademark.

SADAGGERS #45439C SA Transitional Double Proof RZM M7 27 / Puma

This beautiful dagger is as nice as they come. It is in beautiful new like condition. The crossguard have 100 percent of the nickel plate finish and show almost no age at all. The tang nut does not appear to have ever removed.

The grip is a RZM type with sharp ridges and contours being in pristine perfect condition and fitting the crossguards like a rubber glove. The SA runes button has perfect enamel. The grip eagle is an aluminum example being the high necked type. It is crisp as the day it was made having full details to the bird’s head breast and wing feathering talons wreath and swastika. A beautiful hilt here.

The scabbard shell is also immaculate. The original chocolate brown paint is 100 percent and shows no wear. The scabbard mounts are the nickel plated steel type having factory fresh bright finish and no sign of a dropped ball. The throat is the thicker type we start to see on this vintage dagger. The original dome head screws are all in place and unturned.

Attached to the carrying ring is a very crisp three piece hanger. The short hanger portion is in new like condition and is marked on the back “L2/5/39”. The nickel plated hardware remains in perfect condition throughout and the conventional snap clip is unmarked on the back. Attached to the snap clip is a fine brown belt loop with pebbled D ring and attached to the D ring is a outstanding regain leather loop complete with working snap.

As we would expect the blade of this dagger is in full mint condition. It has mirror finish 100 percent grain with needelike tip. The motto is crisp and has 100 percent of the dark backgrounds in the letters. On the reverse the blade is double proofed having a single open RZM circle above the code “M 7 / 27”. Below this is the diamond containing the cat head and the maker “Puma” below the head. Below the diamond is “Solingen”. The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower crossguard contour.

A beautiful piece here that would be suitable for an issue tag if someone out there had one.

SADAGGERS #45433C SA Ground Rohm by Carl Eickhorn

This ground Rohm dagger has a classic Carl Eickhorn hilt. The nickel crossguards are beauties having smooth surfaces crisp edges and precise accent grooves. The tan gnut does not appear to have been out. The lower reverse crossguard is gruppe marked “Nrh”.

The fine Eickhorn grip is a pretty furniture like wood being in perfect condition throughout having fine vertical grain in the surfaces.The grip fits like a rubber glove. The SA runes button has perfect enamel. The nickel grip eagle is the high necked variety and it remains in complete newlike condition with full details to the head breast and wing feathering talons wreath and swastika. A fine hilt here.

The scabbard shell is also extremely nice. It has an outstanding anodized surface which at first glance looks like it could be painted because it's so nice but it is not it is the anodized finish. There are a couple of minor wear spots but they are very negligible. The nickel scabbard mounts are also beauties to include the never dropped lower ball. The four nickel screws are all in place and are in good condition.

The blade is still bright however there appears to be a little but of surface wear over the motto area. This looks like a blade that probably the original owner maybe wiped it off when he got home every night. The motto is still there but the backgrounds are fairly vague at this point. This blade still grades at excellent to excellent plus. The reverse reflects a fully ground Rohm inscription. It must have been factory done as the job is extremely well done and also regrained. A small amount of the logo is gone mostly at the upper left side. The logo is the small ovals which contains the firm’s name and location Carl Eickhorn Solingen. Inside is a serrated type squirrel.

A nice ground Rohm dagger here.

SADAGGERS #45441C Early SA by F. W. Backhaus

The Backhaus daggers are not too common and they do have a interesting logo which we’ll get into later in the description. This piece has very fine nickel crossguards and scabbard mounts. They look to have been cleaned maybe a few years ago. The crossguards are in excellent condition with smooth surfaces crisp edges and precise accent grooves. The tang nut does not look to have been removed. The lower reverse crossguard is grupped marked “Wf”.

The grip is in very nice condition showing little to no usage. This grip is a darker wood having much eye appeal. The SA runes button is the type with darker enamel and although the enamel is all still there there is a couple of minor surface chips at the left side of it. The grip eagle is a early nickel style with high necked bird. It shows only the most modest of wear but all details are still there to the bird’s head breast and wing feathering talons wreath and swastika. A nice hilt here.

The scabbard is a very fine example. It is straight throughout and has 100 percent of the original anodizing and appears to have about oh 60 percent of the original lacquer still in place. The nickel scabbard mounts are in good condition the lower ball has a slight little tap to the left bottom but it is nothing. The four original nickel screws are all in place.

the blade of this piece is a extremely fine example. It is in mint condition being mirror bright and still having its needlelike tip and all of the crossgrain. The SA motto is very dark with 100 percent of the backgrounds in the lettering. The reverse ricasso has the interesting trademark I mentioned above. It features a stork with a baby on its back. Above the logo in an arch is written the firm’s name F. W. Backhaus and below is Solingen in an upward arc. The Backhaus maker rates at an 8 on the McSARR scale. The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower crossguard.

A nice dagger and well worth adding to a quality collection.

SADAGGERS #45197C Early SA by Gottfried Müller

This Müller dagger is in uncleaned condition having a nice even patina across the nickel mounts. Looking at the tang nut it does not appear to have been out. These guards have smooth surfaces with crisp edges and precise accent grooves. The lower reverse guard is gruppe marked "Wf".

The grip is a fine example with a pleasing color lighter brown wood having subtle grains running vertically. The grip fits the crossguards perfectly. The SA runes button has all of the enamel. The nickel grip eagle is the style with the "point behind the head". This bird has complete full details throughout his head breast and feathering talons wreath and swastika. A nice untouched hilt here.

The scabbard shell is nice and straight throughout. The shell has all of the anodized finish showing just a little bit of age staining running evenly throughout both of the surfaces but it is very nominal. The nickel scabbard mounts have matching patina and they are in good condition to include the lower ball. The original nickel screws are all in place and are unturned.

The blade is bright throughout and is nearly perfect on the obverse just showing a couple of extremely minor age stains. The SA motto is also one of those real dark ones that jump out to the eyes of the viewer. The reverse blade is also in good condition except that the tip where it seems to be some staining which could have been caused by moisture but I am not sure. The trademark is one that is not seen too frequently. It is double ovals which contains the firm’s name "Gottfried Müller" the town within the ovals is one we don’t see being "Herges-Vogtei". The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower crossguard contour.

I don’t see this trademark on the McSARR rating but I know I have seen it in the past so I know it is not ultrarare but unless I am just missing it is strange that it is not listing on the McSARR. A fairly nice dagger here.

SADAGGERS #45454C Early SA by Anton Wingen Junior

This SA is in nice overall condition having fine uncleaned nickel fittings. The crossguards are in excellent condition with smooth surfaces crisp edges and precise accent grooves. The tang nut does appear to have been out. The lower reverse crossguard is gruppe marked "Wm".

The grip is a very very fine example which has a prominent grain running vertically throughout. A little furniture polish would really bring out this grain although it is readily seen on its own. The grip remains in perfect condition and fits the guards like a rubber glove. The SA runes button has perfect enamel. The matching toned nickel grip eagle is style with bird having the beak that points upward slightly. All details are completely crisp to this bird. A fine hilt here.

The scabbard shell is straight throughout. It has all of its anodizing which has dulled slightly from age but it is still there. There is also some traces of lacquer mostly on the obverse center area. The scabbard mounts nicely match the tone of the crossguards and are in good condition. The four original nickel screws are in place.

The blade of this example is bright and mint. It is a beautiful blade with all the crossgraining and nice deep dark shadowed motto. On the reverse the familiar small knight acts as a logo with the firm’s name over it and over it Anton Wingen Junior and the city of Solingen beneath the knight. The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower crossguard contour.

A very nice Wingen piece here.

Excellent Plus Plus. $1,195.00

SADAGGERS #45456 Early SA by Emil Kaiser

The Emil Kaiser name is not seen very frequently at all and I am very happy to offer this fine condition piece. Kaiser is rated at a "9" on the McSARR scale.

The hilt mounts are very fine nickel throughout having smooth surfaces crisp edges precise accent grooves. The tang nut does not look to have been turned.

The grip would be perfect except for a minor surface chip on the left lower obverse. Other than this the grip really appears unused. It is a pleasing color wood with subtle grain in the surfaces. The runes button is in good condition throughout. The nickel grip eagle is the style with beak which points upward slightly and it still has all of the bird's details. The reverse lower crossguard is gruppe marked "No".

The scabbard of this example is a real gem. This scabbard is straight as an arrow and has absolutely 100 percent of the original dark purple color anodizing. Very beautiful to see this. The reverse still has quite a bit of the original lacquer whereas on the on the obverse the lacquer is mostly gone. The scabbard mounts are in choice perfect condition with the never dropped ball. The original four screws are in place.

The blade of this example is extremely nice and in full mint condition. It has a very dark well etched motto with all of the backgrounds in the letters. The reverse blade has a simple logo consisting of its name in an arch Emil Kaiser & Co positioned above "Solingen". The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower crossguard.

An extremely nice conditioned dagger here which is high on the McSARR scale. A very worthy purchase. We don’t see many of these Emil Kaiser pieces.

SADAGGERS #37189 Early SA by Konejung

This early example has nice toned nickel mount which do not appear to have been cleaned. The tang nut is in excellent condition being out maybe once.

The guards have smooth surfaces crisp edges and precise accent grooves. The reverse lower guard is gruppe marked "B".

The grip is a very fine example being a pleasing wood having subtle grain which runs vertically. The SA button is in good condition with good enamel. The nickel grip eagle is the "high necked" type with all details visible. A nice hilt here.

The scabbard shell is in good condition throughout being nice and straight. The anodizing is still mostly there having some minor age spots which are spread evenly across both surfaces. The scabbard mounts nicely match the patination of the hilt. The lower ball has never been dropped. The four screws are all in place.

The blade is still bright throughout showing inly the most nominal of age and still having its crossgrain. The motto is deep and has 99 percent of the darkening in the backgrounds. The reverse ricasso has the double ellipses which enclose the firm's name and location "Herm. Konejung Solingen AG". Inside is the familiar set of spectacles. The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower crossguard.

A nice early untouched dagger here.

Excellent Plus. $895.00 (#030821)

SADAGGERS #45219 Personalized Early SA by SMF

This nice SA dagger has its original patination and does not look to have been cleaned. It was recently purchased from a veteran family.

The crossguards and tang nut are in excellent condition throughout and the tang nut does not appear to have been turned. The guards have smooth surfaces crisp edges and precise accent grooves. The reverse of the crossguard is not gruppe marked on this example. On the obverse however is the original owner’s name very neatly and professionally engraved Curt Giersch. To go with this the upper obverse scabbard fitting is also personalized with Herr Giersch’s monogram CG. The monogram is nicely done with shading to the letters and they are connected together from top to bottom.

The grip is a very pretty example having smoother type surfaces and a good prominent straight up and down grain. The SA runes button has fine enamel. The grip eagle is a nickel high necked type showing little to no wear with full details to the bird’s head breast and wing feathering talons wreath and swastika.

The scabbard shell is straight throughout still having fairly good anodizing. The anodizing is just starting to thin slightly but for the most part it still remains. The scabbard mounts are in excellent condition to include the lower ball.

Attached to the carrying ring is the original to the piece hanger. The hanger is missing the snap clip and well as the retainer loop but perhaps the next owner of this dagger could find an early snap clip to complete the hanger. The buckle is the early nickel type matching the dagger.

Unfortunately the blade of this example has turned a bit gray from age. There is no pitting or age marks really on the blade just the overall graying. It retains its good original shape with needlelike tip. The SA motto is also still crisp and has about 98 percent of the original darkening in the letters. The reverse ricasso is marked with the seated king trademark over the firm’s initials "SMF Solingen". The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower crossguard contours.

An interesting dagger here that I would think could possibly have some research prospects. Outstanding engraving to the personalization.

SADAGGERS #45221C SA Ground Röhm by Gebr Heller

This SA dagger is in nice untouched condition and does appear to have ever been cleaned nor has it been apart. The nickel mounts all have an even dull patination. The surfaces are smooth with crisp edges and precise accent grooves. The reverse lower crossguard is gruppe marked "He".

The grip is a very fine example having high ridge center and being in near perfect condition showing only the most modest of usage. It fits the crossguards like a rubber glove. The SA enamel to the button is 100 percent. The nickel grip eagle is the style with the point behind the head. This bird has full details throughout to its head breast and wing feathering talons wreath and swastika. A nice hilt here.

The scabbard shell is also in nice condition still having good anodizing with minor age in the surfaces but nothing that is bad. The scabbard mounts are matching patinated nickel and they are in fine condition to include the never dropped lower ball. All four screws are in place and are unturned.

The obverse blade of this example is a beauty still being bright with all of its grain. It has a outstanding SA motto for which the Heller company was famous four. It has the very dark backgrounds and really looks great jumping out at the viewer. The reverse of the blade has been completely ground with the original grind marks still in the surfaces. The trademark is the small version that Heller used with Röhm daggers. The marking consists of two small circles with the firm’s name and location inside being Gebruder Heller Schmalkalden. Inside is their traditional logo of an anchor. The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower crossguard contour.

An extremely nice ground Röhm dagger here.

SADAGGERS #45153C Ground Röhm SA by Carl Eickhorn

This Eickhorn example has the fine solid nickel crossguards. The guards are in fine condition with smooth surfaces crisp edges and precise accent grooves. The tang nut does not appear to have been turned in modern times. The lower reverse crossguard is gruppe marked "Ns".

The grip is in fine condition showing little usage with no problems whatsoever. It is fitted with the SA runes button having perfect enamel. The nickel grip eagle is the "high necked" type. All details remain to the bird to its head breast and wing feathering talons wreath and swastika. A very fine hilt here.

The scabbard shell is straight throughout. This shell has received a paint job somewhere along the line. It looks as though it could well be period. It is a good brown color and other than a few tiny taps in the paint on both sides it is in fine condition rating at 99 percent. The scabbard mounts are the early nickel variety. They are in nice condition to include the lower ball. The four original nickel screws are in place.

Attached to the carrying ring is a very fine early short hanger. The leather is still in nice condition and is complete with the small retainer loop. The hardware to the hanger is the nickle type having a snout nosed style snap clip being the style with rivet that holds the spring.

The obverse blade is in choice mint condition still having it’s crossgrain and a very fine deep etched motto with 100 percent of the darkening in the letter backgrounds. The reverse has had the Röhm inscription professionally removed. This looks like a factory job as the blade has been regrained. The grain does not exactly match the original but it is pretty close. During the process a portion of the early trademark was removed which is the area being about one third on the left side. The trademark is the early ovals having the firm’s name and location Carl Eickhorn Solingen. The Carl portion of the name is gone. In the center is the seated squirrel being a smooth tail variety. The head breast and centers of the squirrel were also the victims of the Röhm removal process. The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower crossguard contour.

A nice ground example here.

SADAGGERS #45129 Early SA by Chromolit

We do not see too many Chromolit daggers and I think they are interesting from the standpoint only a few years ago we realized that Chromolit was also the producer of the Luftwaffe forestry bayonet. For you collectors familiar with these type bayonets you will remember they have the initials "CH" stamped into the blade. This CH stamping jibes with the logo used by Chromolit which will get to further down in the description of this dagger.

The crossguards are in nice condition having a fine even patina. The tang nut is also fine looking to been out out maybe once. The crossguards have that nice greenish look were they meet the grip. They have smooth surfaces crisp edges and precise accent grooves. The reverse lower guard os gruppe marked "Mn".

The grip is a dark reddish color wood being in perfect condition and having nice high well defined center ridge. There is some interesting grain that runs under the surfaces. The grip perfectly fits the crossguards.

At the the reverse upper left I notice there is just the tiniest piece of surface wood that has come off of the grip however it is hardly noticeable. The SA runes button has perfect enamel. The grip eagle is the style with beak which points upward slightly. It has good detail throughout all of its features. A nice hilt here.

The scabbard shell is in extremely nice condition showing only the most modest of wearing signs. It still has all of its coppery anodized finish just thinning slightly on the reverse at the upper area. There are also still traces of the original factory present in the recesses. The nickel scabbard mounts are in good condition. The lower ball has a couple of minor tap taps but no crushing. The four original screws are in place and are unturned.

The blade still remains bright and has its crossgrain. There are a couple of extremely slight age signs in the blade but it easily rates at near mint. The SA motto is nice and crisp with about 99 percent of the original background frosting. The reverse ricasso has the firm's name and location written in capital letters in a circle "CHROMOLIT SOLINGEN" and as stated above it has the initials "CH" written in a rather nice script in the center formed by the circle.

A nice dagger here with an interesting maker.

SADAGGERS #36980 Early Untouched SA Dagger - Wilhelm Kober

This Kober SA Dagger does not appear to ever have been cleaned. It is a textbook Suhl example, and really looks great.

The crossguards are in the Suhl style, with the characteristic upward pointing quillon ends on the lower guard. These guards have excellent smooth surfaces, with well-defined edges and sharply cut accent grooves. The lower reverse guard is Gruppe marked "Th".

The walnut grip is a beauty, with lots of wood grain in the surfaces and an appealing pattern of contrasting color tones in the surface. It is of High Ridge construction and in perfect condition. The SA runes button is nicely placed and has excellent enamel, while the nickel grip eagle is fully detailed throughout. It is the style with the upward pointing beak. This grip fits the crossguards like a your pants after a five course dinner. The scabbard shell is straight throughout. The anodized finish on this shell is really in fine condition, appearing to be 100% intact and with that purple sheen we like to see. There are also traces of protective lacquer clinging to the areas that were protected by the mounts. The mounts are also choice through to the lower ball. They exactly match the patination of the crossguards, and are retained by four unbuggered nickel screws.

The blade of this example remains nice and bright. This blade has most of the original graining, and is in nearly Mint condition. The SA motto is extremely dark ,having 100% of the original blacking in the recesses of the letters. The reverse ricasso is etched with the firm's name and location, "Wilh. Kober & Co. / Suhl" contained with ovals. Inside a logo in the form the the mythical Greek centaur, set above the start-up date "Gegr. 1874".

It is interesting to note that the original owner has his name etched into the upper edge of the reverse blade at the ricasso. The etching reads "E. Voigt". There may be enough here to research his original wearer. Either way the name makes for an interesting dagger, especially coupled with one in such nice condition.

Excellent Plus, Plus. $1,195.00

SADAGGERS #45125 Partial "Name Only" Ground Röhm by Carl Eickhorn

This partial Röhm example is a classic Eickhorn dagger. The nickel crossguards and tang nut are in exceptional condition with good smooth surfaces crisp edges and having the very precise accent grooves that was typical of the Eickhorn firm.

The crossguards are also marked inside HE which indicates that they were produced by this factory.

The grip is also very nice on this piece having just the slightest bit of burl noticeable in the wood of both sides. A little bit of furniture polish would really bring this out if the next owner wanted to do so. The grip itself i sin absolute perfect condition and fits the crossguards like a glove. The SA runes button has fine enamel. The grip eagle is a nickel type and is the high necked version still having all the details to the bird's head breast and wing feathering talons wreath and swastika. The lower reverse crossguard is marked with the gruppe "Fr". A nice hilt here.

The scabbard is also a beauty. This shell is completely straight throughout and has 100 percent of the anodizing still present. There is also a lot of the original protective lacquer spread evenly throughout the scabbard surfaces. This lacquer rates at perhaps 30 percent. The nickel scabbard mounts remain in perfect condition to include the never dropped lower ball. The mounts are complete with the four nickel unturned screws.

the obverse blade of this example is till bright throughout having just the slightest couple of age stains mainly in the upper blade surface coming off of the ricasso area. This blade still though on the obverse is easily in near full mint condition. The SA motto is very crisp and deep and all of the background darkening in the letters. On the reverse blade there is a bit more age which may have been caused by the original grinding and the process that it went throughout. The reverse blade though is still bright showing only a little bit of smudge on the upper portion of the blade at about the center area. The inscription In herzliger Kamaradeschaft is still in perfect condition and only the Röhm signature was removed with no damage to any other part of the blade. There was a effort to repolish the area and it was quite well done. The trademark is still all there being the double ovals which contain the firm's name and location Carl Eickhorn Solingen and in the center is the seated squirrel logo. The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower crossguard contour.

A very nice high quality partial Röhm here.

SADAGGERS #45117 Early SA by F. A. Kirschbaum

This beautiful piece is in about as good a condition as a collector is likely to find. The nickel crossguard and tang nut are pristine throughout. The tang nut does not appear as though it has been out of the dagger.

The crossguards throughout are smooth and have crisp edges and precise accent grooves. The lower reverse guard is gruppe marked "Wm".

The grip is in complete perfect condition having a dark mahogany looking wood. The wood is very attractive and in indeed furniture like. It fits the crossguards perfectly. The SA runes button has fine enamel. The grip eagle is style with high neck. It has a little bit of wear on the bird's head only but the breast and wing feathering talons wreath and swastika are still new like. A very fine hilt here.

The scabbard shell is just outstanding. It is completely straight and easily has 100 percent of the original anodized finish. There is also probably 85 percent of the original protective lacquer. It is not often we see a scabbard in this nice of a condition. The scabbard mounts are nickel and they are in nice condition to include the never dropped lower ball.

The blade absolutely exquisite mint. It is mirror bright with 100 percent crossgrain and fine deep SA motto. The letters to the motto have all of their darkening and literally jumps off the blade. The reverse blade is in the same choice condition. The reverse ricasso is marked with the double ovals which is marked with the firm's name and location F. A. Kirschbaum Solingen and in the center is "& CO". The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower crossguard contour.

A very elegant dagger here which is rated an 8 on the McSARR scale. If you are looking for that special SA in top condition this one should meet your need.

SADAGGERS #45105C Early SA with Blade Dedication - F. Dick

This SA has fine nickel crossguards with a tang nut which does not appear to have been moved.

The guards are in nice shape with smooth surfaces crisp edges and precise accent grooves. The lower guard is marked "Sw".

The grip is in very fine condition fitting the crossguards like a rubber glove. It is a good looking wood with vertical grain and having some different tines in the wood that make it interesting to look at. There is also a set of carved initial in the lower reverse grip which appear to be "SE". The grip SA runes button is in perfect condition. The grip eagle is the high neck variety having perfect detail throughout the head breast and wing feathering talons wreath and swastika. A nice hilt here.

The scabbard is straight throughout the obverse. There is just the tiniest of a little ding at the bottom left side near the scabbard mount. This anodizing is in good condition throughout. The scabbard though is a bit of mystery as the scabbard mounts are the plated type. This is very unusual to see with a anodized finish. Perhaps this piece was produced later in the run just before the transitional period or it is possible the original owner replaced the scabbard. The scabbard mounts are in excellent condition throughout having all screws present and unturned.

Connected to the hanging ring is a fine early three piece hanger. This is another reason why I think the scabbard could have been replaced by the original owner and his original hanger retained. The hanger leather is in good condition throughout although the little retainer loop is missing. The hardware is all the early nickel type with a early unmarked snout nosed variety clip the variety being the type with the rivet that holds the spring in place. Connected to the snap clip is what appears to be the original to this piece belt loop being the type which fold over and has a boss holding it in place and there is also a grip retainer loop but unfortunately the leather is broken where it is connect at the snap but the snap portion is still there.

The blade is a very fine example being in mint condition. The motto is nicely done having 100 percent of the frosting in the background. On the reverse is a dedication performed by a SA officer that I have seen probably a half a dozen times in the past. The inscription is lightly etch In trueue kamaradeschaft Carlo Kraemer / Sturmführer 10 / M / 86. Herr Kraemer was a prolific gift giver because there most have been many more dedicated daggers with his name when I have have seen at least five or six of the in the past. The dedication however is absolutely original. It would be nice if someone cold do some research on Kramer to see just who he was. The group that he was with when this was presented appears to have been one of the SA motor groups. The blade ricasso is etched with the arrow pointing downward with the name "F. Dick". The blade shoulders perfect meet the lower crossguard.

A fine interesting dagger here.

SADAGGERS #44581C Early SA Dagger - Carl Jul Krebs

This dagger has toned nickel fittings throughout not appearing to have ever been cleaned. The crossguards and tang nut are in fine condition and the tang nut does not appear to have ever been removed. The surfaces are still smooth with crisp edges and precise accent grooves. The lower reverse crossguard is gruppe marked "He". The grip remains in perfect condition with a good vertical grain. it perfectly fits the crossguards. The runes button is one of the more coppery types and it has perfect enamel. The nickel grip eagle is the high nicked type. It shows just a tad of wear to head and breast feathering but the wing feathering talons wreath and swastika are still crisp. The scabbard shell is straight throughout. it appears to have all of its anodized finish although the finish is a slightly darker color. It is all there however. The nickel scabbard mounts are in good condition to include the lower ball and all four screws are in place. The blade is in very fine condition still being bright with needlelike tip and rating mint. It has a very fine deep and dark motto with 100 percent of the blackening in the letter backgrounds. The reverse ricasso feature double ovals which contain the firm's name and location "Carl Jul Krebs Solingen". Inside is a crown over the letter K. The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower crossguard.

SADAGGERS #44560C Early SA Dagger with Crossguard Dedication - Sud Messerfabrik Gefrees

This early dagger is produced by a not too often seen maker Sud Messerfabrik located in the small town of Gefrees. This producer is rated at a 8 on the McSARR scale. The crossguards and tang nut are of solid nickel the tang nut looks to have been removed maybe once. The surfaces are in good condition as are the edges and accent grooves. The reverse lower crossguard is gruppe marked "He". On the reverse crossguard is the dedication "in kameradeschaft standarte 83". Apparently on of the members of this standarte gave the dagger to a friend. The engraving work is very nicely done being professional and beautifully fit to the space allotted. The grip is a fine darker wood having a more rounded surface. The obverse remains in perfect condition whereas the reverse has a couple of minor indents in the ridge area of the wood but they are not bad. The grip fits the crossguards like a glove. The SA runes button has all of the enamel. The nickel grip eagle is the style with point behind the head. The bird shows a little minor wear to the head breast feathering and talons but the wreathed swastika and wings are still quite crisp. The scabbard shell is straight throughout. This shell has 100% of the original anodizing and also has about 50 to 60 percent of the original protective lacquer more being on the obverse than the reverse. The nickel mounts are in very fine condition to include the lower ball and they are retained by the four original unturned nickel screws. Attached to the upper hangin ring is a period short hanger which appears to be original to the piece. The hanger still has excellent leather and is complete with the small retainer loop. The hanger hardware is of all nickel with the clip being of conventional style and unmarked. Attached to the clip is a fine brown belt loop which seems to match the hanger. This loop is equipped with a nickel D ring. The blade of this piece is mostly bright but there are a couple of smudges that are concentrated around the center ares of the blade on both sides. The grain is still all there but these smudges do effect the rating so this blade is only at excellent plus. The SA motto is crisp with good dark lettering. On the reverse the logo is of two ovals which enclose the firm's name and locations "Sud Messerfabrik Gefrees". The blade shoulders perfectly meet the the lower crossguard. An interesting early SA dagger.

SADAGGERS #44561C Early SA Dagger with Blade Dedication - Carl Eickhorn

This SA has early nickel Eickhorn-style guards which remain in nice condition throughout, with the deep accent grooves typically produced by this company. The reverse of the lower guard is Gruppe marked "Wf".

The light brown grip has some nice vertical wood grain. It remains in fine condition on the reverse, but the obverse has a small surface chip on the upper right. It also looks as if the SA runes button was pressed deeper into the wood of the grip somehow. In any event the grip perfectly fits the guards and the button has undamaged enamel. The nickel "High Necked" grip eagle shows only modest wear.

The scabbard remains straight and has a good anodized finish. It is all there but there is some mild age spotting spread evenly throughout both sides. The nickel scabbard mounts are both in good condition and are retained by the original unturned nickel screws.

The blade of this dagger has turned slightly gray and looks to have been sharpened at one time. This sharpening was apparently removed, leaving the blade slightly thinner than it should normally be. It is not immediately noticeable but the keen of eye should spot it. The SA motto is still crisp but has only about 50% of the original darkening in the letters.

On the reverse there is a three line dedication which reads, "In treuer kampfverbundenheit! / Weihnachten 1934 / Hager Brigadeführer. This literally translates to something like, "In true battle-belongingness! / Christmas 1934 / Hager Brigade Leader". A very interesting dedication here, with an expression used by almost exclusively men who had fought together during the early days of the Party and the Great War.

It is interesting to note the Eickhorn trademark is the "small double ovals" type, presumably used to free up space on the blade for the dedication. The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower crossguard contour.

A very interesting dagger here it is a shame about the condition issues but it is what it is.

SADAGGERS #44564C Early SA Dagger with Crossguard Dedication - Gebr. Heller

This early SA Dagger has finely tone nickel mounts. The tang nut appears to have been off perhaps once, and the guards remain in fine condition throughout. The reverse of the lower guard is Gruppe marked "Th".

Engraved on the obverse crossguard is a two line dedication which reads, "Unserem Res Truppf. i. Dankeb. Anerk / v. St. 12/M43". This appears to translate to, "With sincere thanks to our reserve troop leader / from Group 12 M43". The "M" most likely indicated a motorized group.

The scabbard shell is nice and straight. The anodized finish is fairly good, intact but showing age on both sides. The scabbard mounts are in good condition, including the lower ball. The four original screws are in place.

The blade of this dagger is as nice as you will see. It remains bright and only has a few extremely mild surface spots. The SA motto is deeply etched and retains 100% of the original darkening. The reverse ricasso has the seldom seen Heller trademark that is not horizontally stamped this version is etched and aligned vertically. The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower guard.

A nice dagger here, with a very fine period dedication.

SADAGGERS #35483 Early SA Dagger - C.G. Haenel

This Suhl-produced dagger is in nice, uncleaned condition. The nickel crossguards are in fine condition as is the unturned, nickel tang nut. The surfaces are smooth throughout, with excellent, crisp edges, and precise, accent grooves. The lower reverse crossguard is Gruppe marked "Th". The grip is one of the gunstock walnut types. It has medium to high ridge construction with nice, pleasing, grain running vertically throughout. The grip is in perfect condition, and fits the crossguards like a rubber glove. The SA runes button is perfectly placed. The enamel appears to have a small rub, just next to the "a Sigrunne". The grip eagle is the "beak pointing upward" type. This bird shows a little minor wear to the head and talons, but the wings, wreath, and mobile swastika still appear to be crisp.

The scabbard shell is straight throughout. This shell has excellent, anodized finish. There is very little age in the finish, and there portions of the original lacquer covering remaining in the protected areas. This is a fine, anodized shell. The scabbard mounts have nice, matching patina, and they too are in perfect condition to include the lower ball. The early nickel screws are all in place and appear to be unturned. There is also an original-to-the-piece short hanger. This hanger has still fairly good leather, but the little retainer loop has gone to time. The hardware is the early nickel type, with the snapclip being the "snout nose" type, having the rivet which retains the spring.

The blade of this example, although still being bright, does show some wear, and some age to its surfaces. I don't see a lot of crossgraining on this blade, and also most of the darkening is worn out of the backs of the SA motto letters. The tip is still needle like, however. This blade rates at about excellent. Perhaps it would clean up some with a little work. The reverse ricasso is etched with the arrow logo, containing the firm's name "HAENEL" within the arrow. Beneath the arrow is the firm's name and location, and the fact that they made weapons, as well as bicycles. A portion of this wording is worn on the center area. It is marked, "C.G. HAENEL/SUHL WAFFEN FAHRRAD" The blade shoulders perfectly meet the crossguard contour. A good dagger here with a better outside than blade. It is priced accordingly though, and is a good starter piece, and possibly if a better blade could be found in the future, it would not hurt the looks of this dagger.

SADAGGERS #44470 Early SA Dagger - Gustav Wirth

This SA Dagger is equipped with a very fine nickel tang nut and crossguards The dagger looks to hav been taken down perhaps once but the hilt fittings remain in very fine condition throughout. The reverse of the lower guard is Gruppe marked "P", for Pomerania.

The grip is made of dark mahogany, with subtle vertical wood grain. The dark color of this grip is striking and it will certainly stand out in a collection. The grip is in perfect condition and fits the crossguards like a rubber glove. The SA runes has all of the enamel. The nickel grip eagle is the type with a slightly upturned beak this bird retains crisp detail throughout, with just a hint of wear to the right talon.

The scabbard shell is straight throughout. The anodized finish is intact, with just traces of age evenly spread on both facings. The mounts are in nice condition, although the lower mount has a small crease above the ball. It is not bad, however, and the ball itself has only a tiny divot. The original screws are all in place.

Although the blade is bright is does show signs of light sharpening on both sides. It is not too bad but it is visible and does detract somewhat from the dagger. In light of this piece has been priced accordingly. The SA motto is a frosted type and remains about 50% intact. The Wirth trademark on the reverse is one we don't see too often. It consists of a serifed capital "W" enclosed in a ring of closely spaced dots which decrease in size as they run out from the equator. Above the dotted ring is the name of the firm, "Gustav Wirth", and below we see "Solingen Grafrath". The Wirth firm is rated a 9 on the McSARR scale, so you aren't like to see many more of these floating around. The blade shoulders are a perfect fit to the contour of the lower guard.

A nice SA dagger here, from a very, very rare maker. It would sell for a lot more were it not for the sharpening.

SADAGGERS #43831C Early SA Dagger with Hanger - J. P. Sauer

This Suhl piece has a nice, dull patina on its solid nickel mounts. The mounts are typical Suhl examples, with the lower guard having slightly upturned ends. The reverse of the lower reverse is Gruppe marked "Fr." The tang nut is in nice condition and does not look to have been turned.

The grip is a fine walnut Suhl example. It has a nice, subtle wood grain and a little bit of burl in the reverse center. The grip is in completely perfect condition throughout and fits the guards like a glove. The SA runes button is in good condition, and the nickel grip eagle is the type with a beak that points slightly upward. This bird shows only the most minor wear.

The scabbard is straight and has a very fine anodized finish that is nearly 100% intact. There are only the most minor traces of surface age. The nickel scabbard mounts have a fine matching patina and are in choice condition to include the lower ball. The original nickel screws are in place and unturned.

Attached to the hanging ring is what appears to be the original short hanger. This hanger has outstanding brown leather, an intact retainer loop, and choice, solid nickel hardware.

The blade is in perfect, mint condition, with full crossgrain and a needle-like tip. The SA motto is very, very dark, a hallmark of Suhl manufacture. The reverse ricasso is matching etched with the club-wielding Hercules trademark of the Sauer firm, complete with his loincloth. The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower crossguard

SADAGGERS #43868 Early SA Dagger - J. E. Dittert & Co.

This early SA Dagger has excellent nickel crossguards. The tang nut is in nice condition, looking to have been off perhaps once or twice. The reverse of the lower guard is Gruppe marked, "Sa".

The grip is quite attractive, having some subtle burl and a bit darker than the usual woods used on SA grips. It remains in perfect condition and fits the guards like a glove. The SA runes button has excellent enamel, and the nickel grip eagle is the style with a beak that points slightly upward. This bird shows only slight wear to the beast and talons.

The scabbard shell is in choice condition. It is straight throughout and looks to have 100% of the coppery-brown anodized finish. I don't see any of the original lacquer but it may not have ever had any. The nickel mounts nicely match the hilt fittings and remain in perfect condition, including the lower ball. The four original nickel screws are in place and unturned.

The blade remains bright but there are some minor age stains on both sides. The SA motto is crisp and deep, with good, dark lettering. The reverse ricasso is etched with the trademark of the J. A. Dittert firm the name and location of the firm, "Neustadt i SA", are arranged in an ellipse, with a bisected triangle in the center. This maker is not one we see very often and is rated a 6 on the McSARR scale. The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower crossguard contour.

SADAGGERS #43712C Personalized Early SA Dagger - August Merten

This early SA Dagger remains in nice condition. The tang nut does not appear to have been removed and the guards are in very good shape throughout. The reverse of the lower guard is Gruppe marked "S".

Neatly scratched on the obverse of the guard is the name of the original owner, "RAYDT". This personalization was not professionally done but still looks quite good.

The grip is a very fine example, showing little to no wear and fitting the guards like a rubber glove. The SA roundel is a nice example, with 100% of the original enamel, and the nickel grip eagle is the style with a point behind the head. This bird retains full detailing throughout.

The scabbard shell is straight throughout. The anodized finish is darker and looks to be all there, with a muted color. The nickel scabbard mounts are good although the lower mount has a small ding in the center. There is also a ding on the right side of the ball, but there is no crushing or problems. The original nickel screws are in place and unturned.

The blade remains bright and retains all of the crossgrain. There are some mild traces of wear but they do not really detract. The tip is needle-like and the SA motto is crisp and dark. The reverse ricasso is matching etched with "M" and oak leaves trademark of the Merten firm. The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower crossguard contour.

SADAGGERS #43628C Mid-period Double Proof SA Dagger - RZM M7/27 / Puma

This SA Dagger is one of the desirable double proof types. These daggers represent the apparently reluctant transition from manufacturer trademarks to RZM codes. By 1939 RZM markings had pushed many of the interesting trademarks, making these double proof examples very interesting.

This example has outstanding nickel plated crossguards which remain in bright, mint condition. The tang nut is in the same condition and does not appear to have been turned.

The grip is a very fine RZM type with a high center ridge. The SA runes button retains perfect enamel. The grip eagle is a "High Necked" copper type, with full detailing throughout.

The scabbard shell is completely straight and has very fine original brown paint. This paint remains bright and is 100% intact. The scabbard mounts are plated and remain in perfect condition, to include the lower ball. The original dome head screws are in place and unturned.

Attached to the hanging ring is a fine short hanger. This hanger has perfect leather and a good retainer loop. The nickel plated hardware also is in perfect condition, being bright and free of rust. The snap clip is marked "A", "DRGM", RZM M5/8" on the reverse.

The blade of this example is a beauty, with full crossgrain, a dark SA motto, and a needle-like tip. The reverse ricasso is matching etched with an RZM circle atop the code "M7/27" and a fine Puma Cat Head trademark in a diamond. The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower guard.

An exceptional Double Proof SA Dagger here.

SADAGGERS #43720C Early SA Dagger - Carl Bender

Daggers from the Carl Bender firm are very hard to find, rating a 9 on the McSARR scale. The dagger has fine nickel crossguards that remain crisp throughout, and the tang nut does not appear to have been turned. The reverse of the lower guard is Gruppe marked "Ho", all the way off to right.

The grip remains in nice condition and shows little wear. The SA runes button has good enamel, showing some wear but without any breaks. The grip eagle is the style with a beak that points slightly upward this bird retains full detailing throughout.

The scabbard shell is straight and has an excellent, 100% intact. "anodized" finish. There are a few light age spots in the finish but nothing bad at all. The scabbard mounts are in good condition, to include the lower ball, and all four of the original screws are in place and unturned.

The blade is a beauty, still bright and with all of the original grain. The SA motto is crisp and dark. The interesting trademark of the Bender firm is one the reverse, in the form of a pair of coffee pots sitting next to each other. They rest atop the name and location of the firm, "Carl Bender Solingen". The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower crossguard contour.

A fine SA Dagger here, from a rare maker.

SADAGGERS #43617 Early SA Dagger with Scabbard Dedication - SMF

This SMF SA Dagger remains in very fine condition overall, with a scabbard dedication to boot. The nickel guards and tang nut remain in perfect condition, the latter looking to have been out maybe once in the past. The reverse of the lower guard is Gruppe marked "Wf".

The grip is a fine, rounded type and in totally perfect condition, fitting the guards like a rubber glove. The SA runes button retains perfect enamel. The nickel grip eagle is the type with a beak that points slightly upward this bird retains full detail throughout.

The scabbard shell is completely straight and has a wonderful "anodized" finish which is 100% intact, along with some lacquer residue. The upper scabbard mount is in fine condition although the lower mount looks to have been dropped on the left side of the ball, resulting in a split. This could most likely be repaired if so desired. The obverse upper mount has a four line dedication which reads, "IN TREUE KAMARADESCHAFT / GW. v. SA TRUPP 7 / 105 / TANNENBERGSTAHL / 8.6.35". The dedication is professionally done and means the dagger was a gift from SA Troop 7 / 105 for "true comradeship". A very nice dedication here.

The blade remains nearly mint, showing no age and with full crossgrain. The SA motto is deep and dark, with 99% of the original blacking. The reverse ricasso is marked with the familiar Seated King trademark of the SMF firm. The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower crossguard.

A very nice SA Dagger here with a desirable dedication.

SADAGGERS #42562C Personalized Early SA Dagger - Max Weyersberg

This early SA Dagger is in very nice condition overall. The crossguards are nickel, with good smooth surfaces, crisp edges, and precise accent grooves. The tang nut appears unturned, and the lower reverse guard is Gruppe marked "No".

The grip is a dark wood, with a subtle grain. It shows only modest wear and perfectly fits the guards. The SA runes button is slightly to the right, but the enamel is in fine condition. The nickel grip eagle is the style with a beak that is slightly upturned. The bird shows only modest wear and retains generally good detailing.

The scabbard is a tremendous item, with one of the best "anodized" finishes I've ever seen. The rich brown color is very bold and 100% intact. It is interesting to note that, on the reverse of the scabbard, is the personalization of the original owner. It has been scratched into the surface and reads "Carl Salomon / Nachr", with a lightning bolt rune and the number "166". Apparently we has in the Signals group, given the use of the lightning bolt. There might be enough information here to trace this man, if someone was so inclined. The scabbard mounts are perfect solid nickel example, in perfect condition down through the lower ball. All of the original screws are in place.

Attached to the carrying ring is what appears to the original short hanger. It is an early type, with good leather and nickel hardware. The little retainer loop, however, has been lost to time.

The blade of this dagger is just about perfect on the obverse, with only a little smudge around the ricasso. The SA motto is deep and looks to have 100% of the original darkening. The reverse of the blade has more smudging, but not much more. The Max Weyersberg Solingen trademark is clearly marked on the ricasso, and the blade shoulders perfectly meet the crossguard contour.

A very, very nice SA Dagger here, with a fantastic personalization that really sets it apart.

SADAGGERS #42573C Early SA Dagger - Puma

This Puma SA Dagger has very fine tang nut and crossguards. The reverse of the lower guard is Gruppe marked "No".

The grip is a deep cherry color, having more of a rounded surface than we normally see, and some subtle wood grain that is visible if you look closely. This fine grip is sure to stand out in a SA collection, and fits the guards perfectly. The SA runes button retains perfect enamel, and the nickel grip eagle is the type with slightly upturned beak. This bird retains good detailing throughout.

The scabbard shell is an excellent example, being straight throughout and with a 100% intact anodized finish. There is about 30% of the original lacquer remaining, spread throughout both sides. The mounts are in generally good condition, with the exception of the lower ball which is slightly squashed. The next owner might like to look into finding an early scabbard mount to replace it as it would help the dagger immensely. The for original nickel screws are in place.

The original short hanger is attached to this piece. The dark brown leather remains supple and the retainer loop is intact. The nickel clip is marked "A" and "DRGM".

The blade is an extremely nice example. It remains bright throughout, with full crossgrain. The SA motto is deeply etched and retains 100 of the darkening. The reverse ricasso is etched with the familiar Cat Head logo of the Puma firm.

SADAGGERS #42191C Late SA Dagger with Gilded Crossguards - RZM M7/51 1938 (Wingen)

This SA Dagger is a late production example and quite odd in that it has gilded crossguards. It is possible that these guards are original as they do show appropriate age and craftsmanship. We do see daggers that were made by Atwood by in the late 60's and early 70's, so it is hard to tell the difference.

The tang nut on this example is a standard type, showing age and without the original plating. The grip is a fine RZM type that remains in perfect condition, fitting the guards perfectly. It has a pleasing vertical subsurface grain. The SA runes button retains good enamel, and the aluminum grip eagle is the "High Necked" type. It is interesting to note that there is some residual gilding left on this bird, so it is very possible this dagger was meant for Marine use but I don't know for sure.

The scabbard has standard nickel plated steel mounts, showing some minor age. The lower ball has a hit to the center and a split on the right side. The shell, however, remains straight and has good chocolate brown paint with only minor wear.

The blade, unfortunately, has tuned gray over the years. The motto also shows wear and only has about 50% of the original darkening. The reverse ricasso is matching etched with an RZM circle set atop the Anton Wingen Jr code, "M7/51 1938". Below the RZM coding the the Little Knight trademark of the Wingen firm. The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower crossguard contour.

A pretty neat dagger for those of you that like unusual pieces. It is priced accordingly.

SADAGGERS #41021 Mid-period SA Dagger - RZM M7/101 / Fritz Weber, Wein

This mid-period SA Dagger have good nickel plating and remain in nice condition, with some minor lifting at the point where the grip meets the lower guard. The tang nut is in good condition, looking to have been turned maybe once or twice.

The grip is a fine example and perfectly fits the guards. This grip has a pleasing vertical wood grain and shows little to no wear. It is a darker shade of brown than we normally see, and has much eye appeal. The SA runes button is in place, with perfect enamel. The grip eagle is the style with a beak that points slightly upward this bird retains fine detailing throughout.

The scabbard shell is straight throughout, with perfect, 100% intact chocolate brown paint. The nickel plated scabbard mounts are in nice condition, although the lower ball has a slight dimple ding on the very bottom. This does not show from the front, however. The plated dome head screws are in place and unturned.

The original short hanger is attached to the scabbard, along with another thin hanger I've ever seen before. The conventional hanger is in the usual brown leather and has no retainer strap. The hardware is the nickel plated and the clip is marked "A" and "DRGM".

The small mystery strap also has a miniature buckle which looks really neat. I am not sure how it was used but it looks to have been with the hanger since day one, as the leather matches that of the short hanger. Quite an interesting anomaly here!

The blade is a fine example. It is bright and has good crossgrain, with a slightly raised center section. The SA motto is a bit lighter than we normally see but the backgrounds look to have about 95% of the original darkening. The reverse ricasso is marked with a double open RZM circle set atop the Wein code, "M7/101". The blade shoulders perfectly fit the lower crossguard contour.

A nice dagger here, from a very rarely seen producer.

SADAGGERS #40907C Late SA Dagger RZM M7/42 - WKC

This late production SA Dagger is in nice condition overall. The crossguards remain bright, showing some wear in the surfaces but with no flaking whatsoever. The tang nut is also in good condition.

The grip had a couple of fractures on the upper area but we successfully restored it. It now looks very good and fits the guards like a glove. The initials of the original owner, "RB", are carved into the grip just above the eagle. The SA runes button is nicely placed and has good enamel, showing only a small amount of wear. The aluminum grip eagle is the "High Necked" type this bird remains in perfect condition, with full detailing throughout.

The scabbard shell is completely straight on the reverse and has just a minor ripple on the lower obverse. The chocolate brown paint remains in mint condition. The steel scabbard mounts retain 100% of their nickel plating. These mounts are in perfect condition down through the lower ball. The four original dome head screws are in place.

The blade remains nice and bright, showing only the most modest amounts of age. The SA motto is outstanding, deeply etched and with 100% of the original darkening. The reverse ricasso is etched with a double open RZM circle set atop the WKC code "M7/42". The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower crossguard contour.

A good late production piece here.

SADAGGERS #40908C Early SA Dagger - J. P. Sauer

This early Sauer SA Dagger has fine solid nickel crossguards. The lower guard has the unique upturned ends that identify it as a Suhl example. The lower guard is Gruppe marked "Fr". The tang nut is in nice condition and does not look to have been removed.

There were some problems on the upper portions of the grip. We opted to restore it and the job came out very nicely. This grip is the walnut "gunstock" Suhl type and perfectly fits the guards. The SA runes button is in good condition, showing some minor wear to the enamel. The nickel grip eagle is the type with a beak that points slightly upward. The head of the bird shows some slight wear but the rest of the detailing remains quite crisp.

The scabbard shell is in good condition, being straight throughout. It has an excellent "anodized" finish which remains completely intact. The nickel scabbard mounts are in good condition. The lower mount shows some wear but the ball is free of crushing. The four original nickel screws are in place.

The blade of the dagger remains bright but it is slightly short, having been re-tipped. The crossgrain remains intact on the blade and the motto is deep and dark. The reverse ricasso is etched with the Sauer Hercules trademark, complete with massive club. The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower crossguard contour.

A good Suhl SA Dagger here, priced accordingly given the re-tip.

SADAGGERS #34105C Early SA with Scabbard Dedication - F. Herder

This early SA Dagger does not appear to have been cleaned and has good patination throughout its all nickel mounts. The tang nut does not appear to have been removed from the dagger. These hilt mounts have good smooth surfaces with crisp edges and precise accent grooves. The lower reverse crossguard is Gruppe marked "Wf".

The grip is an even, dark brown wood which appears to be mahogany. This wood is of a Medium to Sharp Contour construction. The grip fits the nickel mounts like a rubber glove. The SA runes button is perfectly placed and has fine enameled surfaces. The nickel grip eagle is the type with "point behind the head". Most of the details are still there to the bird's head and breast feathering with full details to the wing feathering, talons, wreath, and mobile swastika.

The scabbard shell is straight throughout. This shell is one of the seldom seen types that is painted instead of having an anodized finish. The paint is a dark brown purple color. There is quite a bit of chipping and wear across this scabbard paint. Maybe 50% remains. It is interesting to note that since the dedication of this dagger is dated a late 1936, that perhaps this was a period when the changeover time to paint rather than anodizing took place. The upper nickel mount is in excellent condition, and the lower mount unfortunately has a pushed up ball. There is some splitting on the left side of the ball, but none on the right. The screws are all in place, and show some turning, especially on the lower ones. The upper screws are still in unbuggered condition.

The reverse of the upper scabbard mount has a five-line dedication. The dedication is beautifully done in tiny Gothic style lettering. It reads "Unseren/Korporalschaftsfuhrer/Zur Erinnerug/Hans Eck/25.12.36". This dedication appears to read "Given to Hans Eck in memory of the corporal leader staff December 25th, 1936." Perhaps this was a Christmas gift to Eck who was probably the leader of this group. The blade shows a little bit of in and out work as well as some age, but the surfaces still remain bright. There is not a lot of crossgraining on this blade, and the backgrounds of the letters in the SA motto only have about 50% of the factory darkening remaining. The reverse ricasso is etched with a set of crossed keys positioned over the firm's name and location "F. Herder A.S./Solingen". The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower crossguard contour.

A fine Herder SA Dagger here.

SADAGGERS #34058C Mid-Period SA Dagger with Crossguard Dedication RZM M 7/70 - F & A Helbig

This Helbig produced SA dagger has all of the normal characteristics we see with this producer. The Helbig daggers were the only examples to be equipped with steel crossguards having chromed surfaces. The same was true of the scabbard mounts. The steel crossguards were only produced by the Helbig firm. This example has a tang nut which appears to have been turned at least once as there are some small rounded scratches below it on the crossguard surface.

The crossguards, despite their chrome finish, have quite a bit of patination which is probably attributable to nicotine. The guards are slightly larger than normally seen nickel examples. The obverse guard is professionally engraved, "1939 DEM SIEGER". This dedication of course means, "To the 1939 Winner".

The grip is a fine mahogany type and it shows some usage but is still in good condition with no chips or flaws. The SA runes button is nicely placed and is turned to about five o'clock. The enamel is still in excellent condition. The nickel grip eagle is the style with "beak pointing upwards slightly". This eagle shows only modest wear to the surfaces but the beak, eye, breast feathering, wing feathering, talons, wreath and mobile swastika are still in good condition. It is also interesting to note that the grip eagles on Helbig daggers are placed higher on the grip than the norm. As we know grip eagles were to be placed just below the center line of the bulbous portion of the grip, not in the center.

The scabbard shell is straight throughout. This shell has good chocolate brown paint showing a few scratches here and there but it still has its original brightness and rates at about 98%. The chrome plated scabbard mounts are in excellent condition to include the lower ball. These mounts also have matching patination. The mounts are secured by dome head steel screws which are unturned. The blade of this example remains in a bright condition still having all of its crossgraining. As is typical of the Helbig firm the etching to the SA motto is extremely light. Despite this the motto still remains quite clear. The reverse of the blade is matching lightly etched with a double RZM circle having a shaded center. Below the circle is the code, "M 7/70". It is also interesting to note that the shoulder to crossguard contour fit is not very good but again this is yet another Helbig trait.

Not a high quality dagger here but it is what it is.

SADAGGERS #34064C SA/NSKK Officer's Dagger Conversion, RZM 7/13 - Schüttlehöfer

This most unusual dagger represents a period conversion that looks to have once been an SA dagger and perhaps the original owner joined the NSKK as an officer. Since the wearer may have been unable to order an officer's dagger because of the demands of the war it appears as though he chose to convert his existing SA to an NSKK with a chained suspension. The dagger has the standard nickel-plated crossguards with steel tang nut. The crossguards show a little bit of mild freckling in the surfaces but the plating is still all there and mostly bright.

The grip appears to have been an SA example as despite the fact that it has been painted black there is still quite a bit of brown original color which shows where the paint has worn or flaked off. There is also a chip in the surface of the right hand obverse and the right hand reverse section of the grip. The SA runes button is in place with perfect enamel surfaces. The grip eagle is an aluminum type. The eagle appears to be the type with "beak which points upwards slightly". There is some wear to the head and breast feathering area or it may be a rub from something along the way. The same is true of the swastika within the wreath. The top portion of the swastika is also rubbed. The rest of the bird still appears OK to include the open wings and the wreath.

The scabbard shell is straight throughout. This shell also shows traces of being brown underneath and having a rather crude black painted surface. The paint job appears to have been done with a brush and no doubt was accomplished by the same individual who painted the grip. There are traces of black paint still on the edges of the scabbard mount so apparently the painter did not bother to remove these mounts prior to the new finish. In addition to the paint job there has also been a center ramp added to the scabbard. This ramp appears to have been made locally as it is not anywhere near what a "standard" example would be. It is only about º-inch wide with high center and rounded edges. It is retained by a steel dome head screw which is slightly larger than the normal scabbard screws. There is an eyelet on the right end with a carrying ring being smaller in dimension than the norm. The scabbard mounts are the standard nickel-plated type and they still retain their original brightness. The four dome head screws are all in place and they are unbuggered.

The blade is a typical RZM type having a high center ridge and lightly etched motto. The motto has most of its original factory darkening gone to time. The blade shows some of the original crossgraining but most of it is gone and the surfaces are beginning to turn gray. This blade only grades at excellent. The reverse ricasso is matching etched with a double open RZM circle positioned over the Schüttlehöfer code "M 7/13". The blade shoulders perfectly meet the crossguard contour.

An interesting dagger here for those that are prone to collecting oddities. An absolute period conversion here that probably had some sort of a chain hanger. The hanger of course is now missing.

SADAGGERS #34071C Early SA with Period Leather-covered Scabbard - C.G. Haenel

This early SA Dagger is quite interesting to collectors as it has a period leather-covered scabbard. We will get to this further down in the description. The dagger has the standard Suhl nickel mounts. The upper cross guard is slighter wider than the lower cross guard, which has the distinctive curvature seen on daggers from this area. These mounts have a fine, dull patination and do not look like they have ever been cleaned. When studying the tang nut, there is no evidence that this dagger has been opened in modern times. The lower reverse cross guard is Gruppe marked "Sa".

The grip is a fine, High Ridged walnut which was the standard wood used for Suhl daggers. Walnut, of course, was the wood used to make gunstocks, so it was readily available for build SA Daggers. This grip still has its original varnished finish, and has some fine vertical grain running throughout its length. The grip shows some minor usage, but overall is in near perfect condition. The SA Runes Button is one of the copper types. It is slightly outward from its corresponding hole, and this has caused most of the enamel to have been broken out from around the runes. The enamel is still intact within the "A" rune. The nickel grip is of the "beak which points upward" style. This eagle is in excellent condition, having full details to the eye, breast and wing feathering, talons, wreath and mobile swastika. The grip fits the cross like a rubber glove. A nice hilt here!

The scabbard shell is straight throughout. As indicated above was been period covered in fine, dark brown leather. This leather has excellent, fine graining, and other than a little bit of under the surface lifting is still in perfect condition. The leather appears to have been run beneath both of the scabbard mounts. The upper mount is in fine condition. The lower mount is in good condition to the ball, and also fairly good condition to the obverse area. The reverse area of this lower mount has some bumps and scratches. The original nickel screws are in place and appear unturned.

The blade of this example is a fine one, being bright and having all of its cross graining. It has a little bit of "in-and-out" marking at the lower area, but overall this blade still grades in near Full Mint condition. The motto etch is deep and crisp and appears to have about 95% of the original background darkening intact. The reverse ricasso is etched with an arrow running across the blade, having the firm's name in capital letters, "HAENEL". Beneath this is the firm's full name and location, "C.G. Haenel/Suhl/Waffen/u. Fahrrad/Fabrik". The meaning of the words indicates that Haenel was both a weapons and a bicycle factory. The blade shoulders perfectly fit the lower cross guard contour.

I have no reason to give why this scabbard was leather covered. I do not think it was any kind of an acknowledgement of rank, rather it was just a whim done by the original carrier. Although there were rules against changed the appearance of a dagger, when there are 3 million people wearing them there is always someone who does follow those rules. Either way, this is an absolute period job and done in an excellent, professional manner.

Excellent Plus, Plus. $1,350.00

SADAGGERS #33489C Early SA Dagger - Axt und Hauerfabrik

This Early SA Dagger has a very rare trademark that we seldom see. The Axt und Hauerfabrik company did make quite a few RAD daggers and RAD hewers, and once in a while we see their name on RAD Officer's too, but it is quite rare to see the name on a SA dagger. For those who collect Army's, I'm sure that you will agree that this name is the premier army dagger as far as the rarest of the rare. On the army dagger, though, they used a different trademark.

At any rate, this fine SA has good solid nickel mounts throughout. These mounts look as though they may have been cleaned a decade or so. They are starting to dull to a nice even tone. The mounts have good crisp edges, smooth surfaces, and precise accent grooves. The reverse ricasso is Gruppe marked "Wf".

The grip is a darker brown wood which may be mahogany, but doesn't have the usual reddish tones in it that mahogany seems to always have. Either way, though, the grip is extremely nice not having any obvious grain, but some under the surfaces. This grip is of Medium Contour construction, and it is in perfect condition throughout. It fits the crossguard fairly well, but there is a little bit of even shrinkage throughout. The SA runes button is in good condition with perfect enamel, and there is just the tiniest of surface flaking gone from the top of the button. The grip eagle is the "High-necked" version, having complete details to the birds' head, breast feathering, wing feathering, talons, wreath, and mobile swastika.

The scabbard shell is straight throughout. This shell has the coppery color anodizing and most of it is all present on the obverse. The reverse has a little bit of age in the surfaces and some thinning, but not bad. The scabbard mounts are in choice condition throughout, to include the lower ball. They have all of the original screws, which are in place and unbuggered.

The blade is an outstanding example, having only runner marks. This blade still remains in mint condition, having all of its original crossgraining. The crisp SA motto has very dark backgrounds and really looks great. There is a slight bit of "pimpling" that can be seen in the motto, but the black coating covers it. The reverse of the blade, just where it meets the crossguard contour, has a slightly dark line running across that could be a little age, or it could clean off. Either way, it is not much and does not really affect the blade's mint rating. The reverse ricasso has the double circles that contain the firm's name and location, "Solinger Axt - und Hauerfabrik". Inside is the head of a horse looking to the viewer's left.

A great dagger here if you are collecting SA trademarks.

Excellent Plus, Plus. $1,295.00

SADAGGERS #38332C Early SA Dagger - Axt und Hauerfabrik

This early SA Dagger is equipped with early nickel mounts. These mounts are in excellent condition throughout. The tang nut appears to have been out perhaps once. The lower reverse guard is Gruppe marked "Wf".

The grip is a Medium Contour type and shows very little in the way of usage. It fits the guards perfectly. The SA runes button is in good condition with perfect enamel, and very good detailing remains throughout the nickel grip eagle. This bird is the type with a slightly upturned beak.

The scabbard shell is a fine example. The reverse is completely straight while the obverse has just a small "BB" ding at the lower left. The "anodized" finish is still all there on this scabbard, showing only the most modest of age. The nickel scabbard mounts are in good condition, with just a tiny ding to the right side of the lower ball. The four original screws are present and unturned.

The blade of this dagger is quite good, showing just a hint of graying on the obverse, but not bad. It has a very dark SA motto which really jumps off the blade. The reverse facing shows a bit of smudging spread here and there. The ricasso is etched with the larger Axt und Hauerfabrik trademark, featuring the Horse Head set within double circles. Within the circular border we see the words "SOLINGER AXT - UND HAUERFABRIK". The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower crossguard contour.

A good, strong SA example here.

SADAGGERS #38159C Double Proof SA Dagger - H. & F. Lauterjung

This Lauterjung SA Dagger is rarely seen and is a key piece for those out there who are collecting SA types or double proofs.

The crossguards are the nickel-plated type. The guards have just a touch of wear on the quillon ends, but the rest of the surface is in good condition. The plating remains nice and bright. The tang nut shows no sign of ever being apart from the dagger.

The grip is a RZM type, with High Ridge construction. The grip has a rich brown color and a nice grain running lengthwise it is in perfect condition, fitting the guards like a rubber glove. The SA runes button is nicely placed and has good enamel. The grip eagle is one of the zinc examples that we seen used late in the period. This eagle is the still with a slightly upward pointing beak, and retains good detailing throughout.

The scabbard shell is straight throughout. It has light chocolate brown paint which is 100% intact, having only a few minor traces of wear. The nickel-plated steel scabbard mounts are in bright, perfect condition through to the lower ball. These mounts are retained by steel dome head screws which are qll present and unbuggered.

The blade of this example is still nice and bright and retains most of the crossgraining. There are a couple of age smudges located on and around the SA motto as well as on the back. Overall, though, the blade is in very nice condition. The SA motto is the style with a frosted background. This frosting is about 95% intact. The matching reverse ricasso is etched with a shaded double RZM circle set above the code "M 7/6". Below this is the name and location of the firm, "H & F Lauterjung Solingen". The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower crossguard contour.

A fairly rare double proof SA Dagger here that should make for a good investment.

SADAGGERS #37928C Early SA Dagger - Gebruder Becker

This Becker SA Dagger does not look to have ever been cleaned and has a fine, dull, even patination throughout the nickel mounts.

Looking at the tang nut it does not appear to have been taken apart in modern times. The crossguards have good, smooth surfaces, with crisp edges and precisely cut accent grooves. The lower reverse guard is Gruppe marked "Wf".

The grip is a very dark, high quality wood and is of Medium Contour construction. The wood is in excellent condition throughout, with a few minor traces of wear but no problems. It fits the guards perfectly. The SA runes button is nicely installed and although there are a coupe of hits to the enamel none of the surfaces are missing. The matching nickel grip eagle is the "High Necked" version, and retains full detail throughout the head, breast and wing feathering, talons and wreathed mobile swastika.

The scabbard shell is straight throughout. The "anodized" finish is showing some modest wear and has some age in the surfaces. Overall, though, it is still about 95% intact. The mounts are in excellent condition to include the lower ball. The four nickel screws are all in place and are unturned.

The original-to-the-piece short hanger and belt loop accompany this dagger. Both accouterments have very fine dark brown leather. The small retainer loop is missing from this hanger. The hardware is the early nickel type, with a "snout-nosed" snap clip. The clip is installed on the "backwards" side perhaps this was the way the original owner preferred to wear his dagger. The belt loop is equipped with a nickel "D" ring.

The blade of this dagger remains bright throughout, with only a couple of extremely minor smudges in the surfaces. It has a nice needle-like tip, and the SA motto is deep and crisp. It retains 100% of the darkening in the letter backgrounds. The reverse ricasso is matching etched with the appealing logo showing a chef, complete with hat, holding a carving knife and a meat fork. Obviously this company was in the cutlery business prior to taking on the production of SA daggers. Below the chef is the firm's name, "Gebr. Becker", and the location, "Solingen". The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower crossguard contour.

A good, sound SA Dagger here, with a great trademark.

SADAGGERS #37930C Early SA Dagger - Gebruder Berns

This early SA Dagger is in uncleaned condition. It has fine nickel guards and the tang noes not appear to have been taken down in modern times.

The crossguards have precisely cut accent grooves, crisply defined edges, and fine, smooth surfaces throughout. The lower reverse guard is Gruppe marked "Ho", set off to the right and upside down. We often see this sort of craziness from the Hochland Gruppe the stamper must have routinely been three sheets to the wind.

The Smooth Contour construction grip is in perfect condition, being a medium brown color wood. This grip perfectly fits the guards. The SA runes button is nicely placed and has perfect enamel. The nickel grip eagle is the style with a beak that points slightly upward, and retains full detailing to the head, breast and wing feathering, talons, wreath and mobile swastika.

The scabbard shell is straight throughout. It shows some darkening to the "anodize" finish as well as some age evenly spread throughout. The finish, though, is still mostly present. The scabbard mounts are of matching nickel and are in good condition to include the lower ball. It is interesting to note that there is some brown patination on the lower ball which matches that seen on the upper mount and lower guard. This kind of thing nicely ties in the two pieces and, in my opinion, adds some character to the dagger and should not be cleaned off. The four screws are in place and are unturned.

The blade of this dagger is still bright but does show some modest age smudging in a couple of places. Nothing bad, though. The SA motto is crisp and deep, retaining about 90% of the original darkening in the letter backgrounds. The reverse ricasso is matching etched with the seldom seen logo of this firm. We see the firm's name and location, "Gebr Berns Solingen" set in ovals. In the center there is the image of an otter with a fish in his mouth! The word "Otter" is written underneath the hungry water weasel. The McSAAR scale rates this dagger at a 7 out of 10 in terms of rarity.

A nice SA Dagger here, and a good one for a "type" collection.

SADAGGERS #36890 Double Proofed Transitional SA with Rare Aluminum Crossguard, RZM M7/10 1938 - Henckels

This transitional SA Dagger is most interesting in that the crossguards are constructed out of aluminum. We see this once in a while. It seems as though, to me, the producers experimented with aluminum early on to see if it was durable enough to withstand daily wear. We see this with some of the Army daggers, in particular those from Alcoso and E. P. & S. They later abandoned these efforts and went with a base of pot metal. SA daggers of course had nickel silver guards, eventually ending up as nickel-plated pot metal types. Once in a while, though, we do see aluminum guards on them, as well as SS daggers.

The guards on this example have fairly good surfaces the top example having just a few scratches. The lower guard, however, is still in fine condition. Both of the guards have very deep accent grooves and nice, crisp edges. The tang nut is the standard nickel-plated steel type.

The grip is a mahogany looking example, being in fairly good shape throughout with no flaws and showing only modest usage. It fits the crossguard very nicely. The SA runes button is perfectly placed and has a good enamel surface. The nickel grip eagle is the style with an upward pointing beak. This bird still has good detail remaining to the head, breast and wing feathering, talons, wreath and mobile swastika. An interesting hilt here.

The scabbard shell is perfectly straight. This shell has a lighter chocolate brown paint which remains in 100% condition. This paint has no chips and looks very fine. The scabbard mounts are the nickel-plated steel types. They are in perfect condition through to the lower ball. These mounts are retained by unturned dome head screws.

The blade of this dagger is mostly bright, but does have a few marks which have been created by something that happened to it during its tenure. There are three marks which appear to be in the metal on the obverse, while the reverse has the usual smudges here and there, but not too bad. Overall this blade, taken on its own, grades at Excellent. Perhaps with a little work with some Simichrome these spots could be brightened up. The motto is crisp and has about 90% of the original factory blacking in the recesses of the letters. The matching etches on the reverse ricasso help to make up for a lot, as they begin with the desirable, almost hieroglyphic "twins" logo at the top. They are an apt logo, as Henckels uses the name "Zwillingswerk" which, in English, means "Twins Factory". Beneath the twins is a double RZM circle with a shaded center, positioned over the Henckels code, "M 7/10", and the year of production "1938". The blade shoulders perfectly fit the lower contour of the guards.

An interesting dagger here for those out there interested in double proofs, as well as the rare aluminum crossguards.

SADAGGERS #35898C Mid-Period SA Dagger with Partially Ground Blade Dedication - Unmarked Helbig

This dagger is of mid-period construction and is equipped with the larger chrome plated steel crossguards indicative of the Helbig manufacturer. These crossguards show some age in their surfaces but they are not too bad and if anything give some character to the dagger. The grip is a fine fruitwood which is dark in color and has subtle graining which runs horizontal rather than vertical. The grip is of medium to high ridge construction and is in good condition having no flaws. This grip fits the crossguards like a rubber glove. The SA runes button is nicely placed having perfect enamel surfaces. The nickel grip eagle is the "point behind the head" variety. This bird shows only nominal wear to the surfaces but all details are still visible to his head, breast and wing feathering, talons, wreath and mobile swastika.

The scabbard shell is straight throughout. This shell reflects a chocolate brown paint. The paint still has good luster to it and on the reverse, is all there showing only some crazing and minor carrying signs. The obverse has a little more of the same but is still in good condition. The scabbard mounts are the nickel-plated type. These mounts also show some minor age in the surfaces but nothing that would not clean off if someone chose to do so. The scabbard mounts are retained by dome head steel screws and are unturned.

The obverse of the blade is still quite good easily rating in excellent plus condition. The motto is a bit shallow but still crisp and has about 90% of the original dark backgrounding. The reverse of the blade is quite interesting as it originally had a large rendered two-line inscription. The top of the inscription has been ground off. It is possible to see that the first two words apparently were, "Meinem Kameraden". Apparently there was a name engraved into the surface after this but there has been extensive grinding to this name as well as to the first two words. The lower part of the inscription still remains being, "Weihneichten 37 Schmiedmaier". Obviously this dagger was given as a Christmas present in 1937 from Schmiedmaier. It might be useful for the SA researchers out there to see if they could find the giver's name somewhere in the records. An interesting dagger here from the aspect of the dedication but it is also interesting to see it is equipped with the rarely seen Helbig steel crossguard mounts. A good one here for the ardent SA collector.

SADAGGERS #35891C Early SA Dagger - Ernst Erich Witte

This Witte trademark is not seen very often on SA daggers so that makes this piece desirable for those of you out there that are collecting maker marked SAs. The mounts on this example are all solid nickel. The crossguards and tang nut do not appear to have been apart in modern times. It appears as though someone may have cleaned this dagger a long time ago using a light emery cloth or perhaps steel wool as there are some just noticeable narrow lines on the mounts. I don"t know why people do stuff like this but we can"t help what returning veterans think will enhance the appearance of their war trophy. Other than the thin scratches the crossguards are crisp throughout with deep precise accent grooves. The lower crossguard is Gruppe marked, "Wm". The grip is a fine furniture-like wood having a pleasing grain running lengthwise. This grip is of medium contour construction and is in perfect condition exactly meeting the crossguards. The SA runes button has good enamel and is perfectly placed. The grip eagle is the style with "point in the back of the head". This eagle is in fine condition throughout having full details to its head, eye, breast and wing feathering, talons, wreath and mobile swastika.

The scabbard shell is a real beauty. This shell has an impressive coppery look to it and is 100%. The original protective lacquer is still coating the finish and other than some usage signs this protective lacquer is nearly 100%. It is interesting to look into the anodized finish and it has the signs that it was originally put on or received a final touchup in the bluing tank with a brush. We see this look quite frequently on some anodized scabbards. The scabbard mounts have the same minor scratching from the Brillo pad that was used originally but like the hilt mounts the scratching is not bad. The ball has a very slight push-in at the bottom area but it is nothing. The original nickel screws are all in place and are unbuggered. A nice scabbard shell here!

The blade of this example is still mostly bright but does have just the slightest of gray color to it. It appears that the pad may have been used on the blade also although it is hard to see. This blade has a lightly etched motto with about 85-90% of the original darkening in the letters. It matches the trademark on the reverse ricasso which consists of a diamond having a crown in the center positioned over the word, "Kroneck". Below this is the initial, "W". Below the diamond is the firm"s full name and location city, "Ernst Erich Witte Solingen". The blade shoulders perfectly meet the lower crossguard contour. A nice dagger here with a rarely seen trademark.

Excellent Plus, Plus. $1,295.00

SADAGGERS #35260 Early SA Dagger with Blade Dedication and Leather Covered Scabbard - Carl Eickhorn

This early SA Dagger is of initial production and apparently was a ground Röhm that had a dedication done over the original inscription after it was removed. The dagger must have been important to the recipient as it has a period leather covered scabbard we will get to these details further down in the description.

The hilt section is a typical Eickhorn variety. The all nickel mounts have good smooth surfaces, crisp edges and the hand cut deep accent grooves typical of this producer. Studying the tang nut I do not see where this dagger has ever been apart. All nickel parts have a good even patina throughout. The lower reverse crossguard is Gruppe marked, "Wf". The grip is a standard fruitwood type having a rich brown color with some interesting fine grains in the finish. The grip shows only nominal usage and remains in perfect condition. The grip is of medium to high ridge construction, and exactly fits the crossguards. The SA runes button is nicely placed, with perfect enamel surfaces. The nickel grip eagle is the "high-necked" type having all details remaining to the bird"s head, breast feathering, wing feathering, talons, wreath and swastika.

The scabbard shell is straight throughout. As indicated above, this shell has been period covered with a finely grained leather. The brown leather is a rich color and the leather was sewn up the center of the rear section similar to a hunting cutlass. The leather meets both of the mounts but does not go under it. This leather shows some scuffs and usage but no cuts or problems. The scabbard mounts are the nickel type and they are in good condition throughout to include the lower ball. The original nickel screws are all in place and are unbuggered.

There is a fine conditioned early style short hanger which appears original to the piece. This short hanger has good supple leather and is complete with the small retainer strap. The hardware is all nickel with a standard variety unmarked snap clip.

The obverse blade is still quite bright throughout having some mild age at the ricasso area and running up to the ending of the SA motto. It is not bad however and just appears as a cloudiness on this part of the blade. The rest of the blade is nice and bright throughout. The SA motto is crisp and has 100% of the frosted backgrounds in the letters. The reverse blade was apparently a Röhm as the grain is slightly different from the obverse grain. This was certainly a factory job however as the removal is quite expert.

The trademark on the dagger is the early double ovals and we know that these were normally used only with full Röhm examples. There is a two line dedication on the reverse blade. The dedication is apparently in the facsimile handwriting of the giver. The first line apparently is "In treue Kamaradschaft" with a illegible signature at the bottom. It would be interesting if someone could interpret this signature as this of course would be the key to possibly researching this dagger. As mentioned above the trademark is the small double ovals which contain the firm"s name and location, "Carl Eickhorn Solingen". Inside is a seated squirrel with serrated tail. The blade shoulders perfectly meet the crossguard contour.

A most interesting SA Dagger here, and a great addition to an advanced collection.


SA-Sturmführer Uniform (doctor in SA-Standarte 28 Niederrhein)

(Courtesy of The Ruptured Duck)

SA Brown Shirt (Hessen, early)

(Courtesy of The Ruptured Duck)




Illustrations from Organisationsbuch der NSDAP 1937


The Role of the SA. A Lesson that evaluates the usefulness of sources on the Sturmabteilung.

This powerpoint based lesson examines two sources about the Sturmabteilung (SA). Pupils are taught how to question each source, looking at the contents of the source, it’s purpose, authorship, context and the tone. Standard areas of strength and limitation are explored and pupils taught or reminded to look for a range of things when evaluating the usefulness of a single piece of source material.

The lesson is split into two parts. The first uses a short passage. It guides the class through the key points, offering suggestions on the structure of an answer. A written task is included that has a 4 level mark scheme for pupils to use as self or peer assessment.

The second half of the lesson is again about the usefulness of a source. Here a famous David Lowe cartoon is projected for pupils to consider. Are they now able to apply the points about the usefulness of sources in the first part of the lesson to this image? Depending on the class, that question could be set straight away. The second half of the presentation opens with the image and question but is then followed by a series of close-ups. Specific areas of the cartoon have been highlighted and questions raised about the meaning of those segments. This reinforces the point that there is often a lot of hidden imagery, that all aspects of a source need to be considered. These cut-outs can be used to guide a class through the second question or referred to after the class have attempted the question. Either way, they reinforce an understanding of the different elements of a source.


Hitler’s Betrayal

Röhm as head of the SA now commanded a sizable force that could take over at any time. He was tremendously powerful among Hitler’s ranks and was even a favorite among Hitler himself: he was the was the only senior Nazi who addressed Hitler by his first name as opposed to ‘Mein Führer.’

What’s more, Röhm was openly gay — and Hitler knew it, though he did not seem to be bothered by it.

Hitler’s military advisers, Hermann Göring and Heinrich Himmler, thus feared a possible coup from Röhm and tried to turn Hitler against him.

Wikimedia Commons Röhm on the right with Heinrich Himmler in the middle, circa 1933.

Himmler and Göring warned Hitler constantly of Röhm’s growing power, how his large SA could absorb the German military — a suggestion Röhm had put forth himself. Röhm could unseat Hitler with sheer force of numbers. Further, many in the Party disliked that Röhm was a homosexual and keeping him around could reflect poorly on Hitler.

Rather than work out their differences, Hitler struck first. On June 29, 1934, Hitler personally arrested Röhm and offered his former friend a choice: suicide or death. Röhm refused suicide. The Fuhrer ordered the SS then to execute the former head of the SA. 200 other senior SA officers were arrested and perhaps some 400 killed in a purge known as the Night of Long Knives.

David Holt/Flickr The grave of Ernst Röhm at Westfriedhof in Munich.

“Hitler needed Röhm’s military skill and could rely on his personal loyalty, but he was ultimately a pragmatist,” the Jewish Virtual Library noted.

Hitler’s paranoia drove him to trust no one, even those he once considered close, like Ernst Röhm. In the end, the fate of Röhm proved a harrowing exercise in Hitler’s supreme power and the beginning of his reign as the decider of life and death for millions in Europe.

After this look at Ernst Röhm, check out these facts about Hitler that give you insight into the mad dictator’s mind. Then, read about Hitler’s doting mother who had no idea she was raising an evil human being.


Watch the video: Lets Talk About the Sturmabteilung Nazi Brownshirts


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