Pullen Museum

Pullen Museum


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Pullen Museum, located at Catonsville, Maryland, is a treasure trove of 18th- and early 19th- century artifacts. The museum and the house are currently maintained by the Catonsville Historical Society, Inc., which is headquartered in the museum.The Pullen Museum is named after Dr. She had donated her home and antique collection to the society.The exhibits include ancient Indian arrowheads discovered in Catonsville, miniature paintings, and historical prints. The museum also houses the society’s Genealogical Section, established to promote family genealogical research through lectures, discussions, and workshops.Apart from the regular exhibitions, the Pullen Museum hosts special programs and musical sessions.


Media Exhibit

The media has played a role in shaping the perception of people with disabling conditions throughout time. Media images of people with disabilities have been used a metaphor for the human condition throughout history. Sometimes the disability is the focus in an attempt to sway the viewer to a certain opinion, positive or negative. Sometimes the portrayal is in conjunction with a celebrity to emphasize society's efforts to raise the downtrodden helpless individual up to a point where he or she can function, raise funds for research to eliminate that particular condition, or marvel at the unique talents possessed by a "savant" with a singular brilliance. Most often, the individual with a disability is used to allow society to reflect on itself, its own good deeds, its own worth, its own safety.

Entertainment or enlightenment

Images of individuals with disabilities have long been part of whatever media reached the masses

Masterpieces

People with disabilities have been the subject of paintings, like these two by Diego Velasquez (1599-1660),The Dwarf DeMorra (above) and The Idiot of Coria

Education Sensations

By learning to communicate a few individuals highlighted the efforts of early American Educators

Deaf Dumb and Blind

Julia Brace (1807-1884) an inmate at the Hartford Asylum for the Deaf and Dumb was the subject of great curiosity, and she brought visitors and benefactors to the asylum

Deaf Dumb and Blind

Laura Bridgman (1829-1889) was the next wonder of education, she studied under Samuel Gridley Howe at the Perkins School for the Blind in Boston

Deaf Dumb and Blind

Laura learned to read and write and her early life was described by Charles Dickens in a chapter of his book "American Notes" (1842). Dickens' book would influence the mother of another young deaf blind girl

Helen Keller

Alexander Graham Bell, an advocate for the instruction of deaf children advised the Keller's to ask the Perkins institute about obtaining a teacher for Helen. They recommended Anne Sullivan (1866-1936)

Helen Keller and Anne Sullivan

Helen Keller (1880-1968) lost her sight and hearing at 19 months old. She was the next and most famous deaf-blind pupil to engage the public. She studied under Anne Sullivan who was also a graduate of Perkins.

Helen Keller (1880-1968)

Helen and Anne went on lecture tours before enthusiastic crowds. Her life story would become the basis for books, plays and the movie "The Miracle Worker." Helen is seen here with JFK in 1961.

Savants-Islands of Genius

"Idiot Savants" an antiquated term meaning unlearned (idiot) skill (savant). Savants can demonstrate skills in the areas of mathematical calculations, memory feats, artistic abilities, musical abilities or combinations of all of these

“Blind Tom” (1849-1908)

"Blind Tom" was a musical savant. In 1850 Tom and his mother Charity Wiggins were purchased at auction by General James N. Bethune. At the General's home Tom gravitated towards music and mimicking sounds that he would hear

Tom was able to play piano pieces he had heard the General's daughters play. He could reproduce this music note for note after hearing them just once. At age 8 Tom would give his first concert in Columbus, Georgia. Word of this "blind genius" spread. Tom and the General went on tour, amazing audiences with his musical skills

Tom also composed his own works, the first at age five, titled "The Rain Storm." He went on to learn thousands of compositions He toured Europe in 1886 and his fame became known world wide. Tom went into semi-retirement in the 1880's playing his last concerts in 1904.

Hikari Oe Musical Savant

Born in 1963 with a herniated brain, Hikiri required surgery. Doctors advised his parents against surgery, and to allow the child to expire. He survived the surgery but had Epilepsy, developmental disabilities, visual impairment and limited physical coordination. In 1994 Hikiri would win Japan's top musical prize for Classical Japanese Music

James Henry Pullen (1835 -1916)

James Henry Pullen, celebrated as the "Genius of Earlswood" was one of, if not the best, model shipbuilder's of the nineteenth century, Dr John Langdon Down considered Pullen an "Idiot Savant."

Extreme Engineering

His greatest work was shown in 1883 and named the Great Eastern. This was a model steamship that took him over three years to complete and was done to the smallest detail. He used about a million and a quarter pins to connect the planks of the ship and it contained 5,585 copper rivets.

Kim Peek (b.1951) was the principal inspiration for the 1988 Oscar winning Movie "Rain Man." Kim was born missing his corpus callosom, the connective tissue between the right and left hemispheres of the brain along with other brain malformations. However as a very young child he was able to memorize every book his parents read to him.

Kim's photographic memory now includes information on world history, geography, sports statistics, dates, calendars, mathematical computations, musical compositions, and other subject matter that make up his areas of expertise.

The Real Rain Man

The success of the "Rain Man" brought Kim into the spotlight , he would go on tours showcasing his incredible skills. In 2004 Kim was the subject of MRI and CT scans of this brain by NASA to see how his brain functions.

“Life Goes On” 1989-1993

Christopher Burke (b.1965) as "Corky" Thatcher on the ABC series helped to introduce America to a character with a disability in a starring role. The show also helped to educate the nation about "mainstreaming" or "inclusion" in education. Burke also had a reoccurring role on "Touched By an Angel"

disABILITY in the Movies

Many motion pictures have been made that have disability themes or actors with disabling conditions

Of Mice And Men 1939

Based on the novella by John Steinbeck this movie stars Burgess Meredith as George, and Lon Chaney as Lennie. Lennie is a large and powerful man, "with the mind of a child."

Charly 1968

A medical experiment increases a man's intelligence, but not his level of maturity. The movie is based on the novel "Flowers for Algernon" by Daniel Keyes. Cliff Robertson won an Academy Award for Best Actor for his portrayal of Charly Gordon: "I was wondering why the people who would never dream of laughing at a blind or a crippled man would laugh at a moron?"

Documentary

"Up syndrome" (2000) presented an unsentimental look at the life of a young man who has Down syndrome and won awards for Best Editing and Best Documentary in 2001 at the Williamsburg Brooklyn Film Festival

John Taylor

Featured in "The Seventh Sign" (1988 ) and "The Ringer" (2005) John is one of a growing number of actors who happen to have Down syndrome .

John Taylor

Featured in "The Seventh Sign" (1988 ) and "The Ringer" (2005) John is one of a growing number of actors who happen to have Down syndrome

3826 Main Street, Buffalo, NY 14226
716-629-3626


Pullen Museum - History

Two Figge Staff Members Departing

Davenport, Iowa ( January 3, 2019 ) – The Figge Art Museum’s Development Director Raelene Pullen and Creative Arts Coordinator Lynn Gingras-Taylor have announced their departure from the museum.

Pullen has been with the Figge since 2013 and will be moving on to an other opportunity in the area. When s he joined the Figge , gifts to the museum’s annual fund were just over $200,000 per year, the museum was carrying over $2 million in construction debt on the building, and the idea of a major exhibition, let alone a major exhibition endowment, was not even on the radar. This year the museum’s annual fund target is more than $400,000, the museum is on track to retire the debt in 2020 and >span > first major exhibition, French Moderns: Monet to Matisse, 1850-1950 , has brought record crowds to the Figge . Raelene’s hard work and extraordinary people skills have been instrumental in bringing these transformational changes, which will continue to benefit the museum for years to come.

Gingras-Taylor is retiring and moving out of the area to be closer to family. She has been at the F igge since it opened in August 2005, and has planned and overseen hundreds of classes and art activities in the Figge studios that have served literally tens of thousands of visitors . She has been a huge asset to the organization and her remarkable talent and positive energy will be missed.

About the Figge Art Museum :


Notes

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Pullen, Edward (Oral history)

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Monson Historical Society

*For an appointment call Glenn Poole 557-7769, Estella Bennett 876-3073, Cindy Turner 997-3287, Elaine Roberts 876-3451, Dawn MacPherson 997-3744, Marie Welsh 997-3526, John Wentworth 997-3518, John Pullen 997-3946, Cliff Olson 289-7296.

.The Monson Hisorical Society is a 501-C(3) nonprofit organization whose purpose is to discover and collect any material or objects that may help to verify and preserve the history of the town of Monson and the surrounding towns of Elliotsville, Blanchard, and Willimantic . It shall be classified non-partisan, non-profit and non-sectarian. All donations are tax deductible.

Our goal is to provide for the preservation of such material and its accessibility, as far as may be feasible, to all who wish to examine and study it.

The Monson Museum is located on Main Street (Greenville Road) in Monson, right next to the town hall. Included in the collections on display are items from the Monson Narrow Gauge Railroad, military memorabilia from the Revolutionary War to the current action in Iraq, Monson Fair, Juanita Grange, a display of slate mining, the Spruce Gum business, Monson Academy trophies, Monson Band instruments and much, much more. We invite you to browse through the wonderful collection of photos, documents and scrap books. A friendly atmosphere, great volunteers and a beautiful view up Lake Hebron!


The Langdon Down Museum of Learning Disability timeline

John Langdon Down was born in Cornwall, the son of a frequently bankrupt grocer. He went on to train in medicine at the London Hospital where he excelled, and was later put in charge of the Earlswood Asylum when it ran into difficulties under previous management.

Normansfield Hospital was founded by John Langdon Down in 1868 as a home for people with learning disabilities. He employed teachers and created workshops where residents could learn a trade. Normansfield also had a cultural life.

This giant wooden soldier was one of the items produced by James Henry Pullen who lived for most of his life at Langdon Down. The model is nearly 15ft high – Pullen created it to amuse children, and it was brought out during carnivals until WW2.

Discover more

An opulent theatre was built in 1879, used for the weekly performances to entertain and stimulate residents.


Pullen Museum - History

The Langdon Down Museum of Learning Disability was awarded a Heritage Lottery Fund Grant in 2012 to exhibit artefacts made by James Henry Pullen, whose life and achievements are considered to be significant in the history of learning disability.

He is believed to have had the condition savant syndrome and was famous for his great talent for mechanics and drawing. His drawings were given to Queen Victoria and Prince Albert and he enjoyed the patronage of King Edward VII, then the Prince of Wales.

Pullen was known in his day as the Genius of Earlswood and described as an idiot savant by Dr John Langdon Down who was medical superintendent of the asylum. He was born in Dalston, London in 1835 and admitted to Essex Hall, Colchester in 1850. He then transferred to the Royal Earlswood Asylum near Redhill when it opened in 1855 and died there in 1916.

He was given training in the carpenter’s shop and soon became an expert craftsman. A special workroom and exhibition room were set aside for him. Over the 60 years spent at Earlswood he completed many fine models, paintings and drawings, and was also a fine carver in ivory. King Edward VII took great interest in him and sent him tusks of ivory to work with and Sir Edward Landseer visited him and sent him engravings of his work to copy. Although well known as a savant – one who has a learning disability but with a special talent in one narrow field – we know that he was intelligent but suffered from a severe communication disorder and high frequency deafness. It is probable that he was aphasic i.e. he had difficulty in understanding and using language.

The exhibition Pullen: Ships of Reality and the Imagination features some of Pullen’s greatest work, including his intricately detailed model of Brunel’s paddle steamer the SS Great Eastern. Also in the exhibition is the Princess Alexandra, a 40 gun man-of-war.

Photographs by Click Photography Students: photographs of the Great Eastern taken by the young people attending a photography workshop at the museum. Click works with young photographers in schools, after-school clubs and holiday workshops to share a love of photography.

Octagon Club: Boat inspired by James Henry Pullen. Made by the Octagon Club and Mary Herbert. Octagon Club is an afterschool club for young people aged 11-18 with additional needs that meets at Orleans House Gallery, Twickenham every Tuesday in term time. The group is run in partnership between the gallery, Crofters and Three Wings Trust. The group are given the opportunity to work with professional artists on visual art projects.

The museum and theatre is open: 2pm – 5pm Mondays | 9.30am – 1.30pm Saturdays.
Please note: the theatre may not be open on Monday afternoons.

The Langdon Down Centre | Normansfield | 2A Langdon Park | Teddington | Middlesex | TW11 9PS


Banjos

Few musical instruments are more deeply connected to the American experience than the banjo. The banjo was created by enslaved Africans and their descendants in the Caribbean and colonial North America. Here, they maintained and perpetuated the tradition within a complex system of slave-labor camps, plantations, and in a variety of rural and urban settings. From the earliest references in the 17th century, and through the 1830s, the banjo was exclusively known as an African-American tradition with a West African heritage. What further distinguishes the banjo is that it did not come from Africa “as-is” as an unaltered tradition. Rather, the banjo’s creation was the result of a blending between West African and European forms. Sharing some similarities with the guitar, the best-documented form of the early banjo includes a drum-like body made out of a gourd (or sometimes a calabash) and a neck that could accommodate 4 strings—three long strings that run the full length of the instrument and one short thumb string that stops about halfway up the side of the neck. The drum-like gourd body and strings of different lengths are uniquely African, while the flat fingerboard and tuning pegs are more commonly associated with European traditions.


Watch the video: Don Pullen - Reincarnated


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