February 23, 2017 Day 34 of the First Year - History

February 23, 2017 Day 34 of the First Year - History

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10:00AM THE PRESIDENT receives his daily intelligence briefing

Oval Office

10:30AM THE PRESIDENT leads a listening session with manufacturing CEOs

State Dining Room

12:15PM THE PRESIDENT speaks with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau of Canada by telephone

Oval Office

2:30PM THE PRESIDENT leads a listening session on domestic and international human trafficking

Roosevelt Room

8:30PM THE PRESIDENT attends a dinner with The Business Council

Ritz Carlton

Last Trump Job Approval 34% Average Is Record-Low 41%

WASHINGTON, D.C. -- As President Donald Trump prepares to leave the White House, 34% of Americans approve of the job he is doing as president, the worst evaluation of his presidency. His 41% average approval rating throughout his presidency is four points lower than for any of his predecessors in Gallup's polling era. Trump's ratings showed a record 81-percentage-point average gap between Republicans and Democrats -- 11 points wider than the prior record.

Trump Leaves on a Personal Low Note

The 34% job approval rating for Trump in Gallup's Jan. 4-15 poll is one point lower than his prior lowest single rating, registered on several occasions in late 2017. The first of these came in August 2017, as Trump was facing intense criticism over his unvarnished threats against North Korean aggression and his response to deadly violence by a white nationalist at a protest in Charlottesville, Virginia.

Between October and December of that year, his approval fell to 35% on three separate occasions as Justice Department officials charged several of Trump's 2016 campaign figures with crimes in the Russia investigation, including former Trump National Security Adviser Michael Flynn, who pleaded guilty to lying to officials in the investigation in December 2017.

Trump's approval high point was 49%, achieved on several occasions in early 2020 spanning the time between the Senate trial in his first impeachment and the initial stages of the coronavirus pandemic, when Americans were giving him high marks for his response to it.

His support fell below 40% in two June 2020 polls amid racial justice protests in response to the death of George Floyd at the hands of police and growing displeasure with his handling of the pandemic. By the time of the 2020 election in which he sought a second term, his support had recovered somewhat, and 46% approved of the job Trump was doing.

Line graph. Full trend on Donald Trump's job approval rating as president. Trump began his presidency with a 45% job approval rating. By the end of 2017 he registered several 35% readings. In mid-2018 that improved briefly to 45%, but was 38% at the time of the 2018 midterm elections. He registered several 49% readings in early 2020 before falling to 39% in May 2020. He ended his presidency with 34% approval.

Trump is the only president not to register a 50% job approval rating at any point in his presidency since Gallup began measuring presidential job approval in 1938. Likewise, he is the only president who did not have a honeymoon period of above-average ratings upon taking office. His initial 45% job approval rating proved to be his high point for his first year as president.

However, public support for Trump did improve modestly in each year of his presidency, averaging 38% his first year, 40% his second year, 42% his third year and 43% his last year.

But any positive momentum the president enjoyed was erased after the election. Trump's refusal to concede the election and his attempts to overturn the results, the Jan. 6 riots on Capitol Hill, a U.S. surge in coronavirus cases and deaths, and his second impeachment contributed to a postelection erosion in support for him.

The total 12-point drop in approval for Trump after the election is especially notable in that most departing presidents -- including two who were defeated for a second term -- enjoyed increases in job approval ratings between the time of the election to choose their successor and his inauguration. On average, "lame duck presidents" before Trump saw a seven-point increase in job approval. Jimmy Carter is the only other president whose approval ratings declined during the transition period.

Years Final pre-election
approval rating
Final approval rating
as president
% % pct. pts.
Truman 1952-1953 32 32 0
Eisenhower 1960-1961 58 59 +1
Johnson 1968-1969 42 49 +7
Ford 1976-1977 45 53 +8
Carter 1980-1981 37 34 -3
Reagan 1988-1989 51 63 +12
G.H.W. Bush 1992-1993 34 56 +22
Clinton 2000-2001 57 66 +9
G.W. Bush 2008-2009 25 34 +9
Obama 2016-2017 56 59 +3
Trump 2020-2021 46 34 -12
Note: Kennedy (assassination) and Nixon (resignation) did not have lame-duck periods. Kennedy had a 58% job approval rating in a Nov. 8-13, 1963, poll, the last taken before he was killed on Nov. 22, 1963. Nixon had a 24% job approval rating in an Aug. 2-5, 1974, poll, the last taken before he resigned on Aug. 9, 1974.

Though many presidents left office with weak job approval ratings, Trump is the second, along with Richard Nixon, to register his personal low rating in the final measurement of his presidency. Nixon resigned his office amid the Watergate scandal.

Record-Low Average Job Approval Most Extreme Party Polarization

Trump is departing office having averaged 41% job approval during his four years in office, lower than any other president in Gallup polling history by four points. Harry Truman and Carter had the previous lowest presidency averages. Nixon, Gerald Ford, George W. Bush and Barack Obama also averaged less than 50% approval. John Kennedy had the highest average approval rating. The average across all presidents is 53%.

Years Average % approve
Kennedy 1961-1963 70.1
Eisenhower 1953-1961 65.0
G.H.W. Bush 1989-1993 60.9
Clinton 1993-2001 55.1
Johnson 1963-1969 55.1
Reagan 1981-1989 52.8
G.W. Bush 2001-2009 49.4
Nixon 1969-1974 49.0
Obama 2009-2017 47.9
Ford 1974-1977 47.2
Carter 1977-1981 45.5
Truman 1945-1953 45.4
Trump 2017-2021 41.1
Figures are the average Gallup job approval ratings for presidents throughout their time in office.

A major reason Trump's ratings were historically low is because of the extreme polarization in his approval. In the Jan. 4-15 poll, 4% of Democrats, 30% of independents and 82% of Republicans approve of Trump's performance.

Throughout his presidency, an average of 7% of Democrats approved of the job Trump was doing, while 88% of Republicans did so. The 81-point average gap in Democratic-Republican ratings of Trump exceeds the prior record for party polarization, under Obama, by 11 points. George W. Bush's ratings differed by 61 points on average between party groups, while all other presidents' party gaps were 55 points or lower. No president before Ronald Reagan had as much as a 50-point gap in partisan approval ratings.

Party Republicans Independents Democrats Party gap
% % % pct. pts.
Eisenhower Rep 88 68 49 39
Kennedy Dem 49 66 84 35
Johnson Dem 44 53 71 27
Nixon Rep 75 48 34 41
Ford Rep 68 49 37 31
Carter Dem 30 42 57 27
Reagan Rep 83 54 31 52
G.H.W. Bush Rep 82 57 44 38
Clinton Dem 27 53 82 55
G.W. Bush Rep 84 44 23 61
Obama Dem 13 44 83 70
Trump Rep 88 37 7 81
Note: Gallup does not have complete party data for Truman

Trump's 7% rating among Democrats is by a significant margin the lowest for a president among supporters of the opposition party. Obama's 13% average approval among Republicans was the prior low. All other presidents before Obama had at least a 20% average rating among opposition party supporters, with Dwight Eisenhower, Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson and George H.W. Bush all above 40%.

At the same time, no president has had a higher average job approval rating during his term among his own party's supporters than Trump has. Republicans' average 88% approval of Trump ties Eisenhower's as the highest own-party approval score, though most presidents had better-than 80% approval among their fellow partisans.

Trump's last year in office also set a new standard for polarization in a single year in office, with an average 85-point gap between Republicans' (91%) and Democrats' (6%) ratings of him during his fourth year in the White House. Trump's term now includes the first-, second-, third- and seventh-most polarized years in office.

In Gallup's final survey before Election Day 2020, 92 points separated Republicans' (95%) and Democrats' (3%) approval of Trump, the most ever in a single measurement.

In addition to extreme party polarization, Trump's job approval ratings were historically low because political independents were significantly less likely to support him than any other president. Trump averaged 37% job approval among independents throughout his term, five points lower than Carter (42%) and seven points lower than George W. Bush (44%) and Obama (44%).

Bottom Line

Trump leaves office as the least-positively evaluated president in the Gallup polling era, based on the average of his approval ratings. He also just received his personal low approval rating, thanks largely to a sharp decline in public support during a lame-duck period marked by controversy, which could overshadow his accomplishments.

His final job approval rating of 34% is not the lowest among presidents, however, as that distinction goes to Harry Truman's 32% rating, while Trump is tied with Carter and George W. Bush for the second-lowest.

The significance of Trump's final rating could be more important than his average, as the former is the one that is often most predictive of how presidents are regarded historically.

Perhaps more than anything, Trump's public support will be remembered for its sharp degree of party polarization. His Republican base remained solidly behind him throughout. At no point in his presidency did less than 77% of Republicans approve of him. The low-water marks for other recent GOP presidents were significantly lower -- 67% for Reagan, 57% for George H.W. Bush and 55% for George W. Bush.

But more than any other president, Trump struggled to appeal beyond his base. That made it extremely challenging for him to win a second term, especially considering that fewer than one in three U.S. adults identify as Republicans and more independents lean to the Democratic Party than the Republican Party. As such, all of his job approval ratings were below the historical average, and none reached 50%.

Explore President Trump's approval ratings and compare them with those of past presidents in the Gallup Presidential Job Approval Center.

Historical Events in 2011

Film Release

Jan 7 "The King's Speech", starring Colin Firth, Geoffrey Rush, and Helena Bonham Carter, is released in United Kingdom

    Attempted assassination of Arizona congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords and subsequent shooting in Casas Adobes, Arizona at a Safeway grocery store kills 6 and wounds 13, including Giffords Hopman Cup Tennis, Perth: Americans Bethanie Mattek-Sands & John Isner beat Belgian pair Justine Henin & Ruben Bemelmans 6-1, 6-3 to clinch a 2-1 victory 6th title for the United States

Football Awards

Jan 10 FIFA Ballon d'Or: Barcelona forward Lionel Messi wins 2nd straight award from teammates Andrés Iniesta & Xavi Brazilian forward Marta wins women's award for 5th consecutive year

Event of Interest

Jan 10 Ian McKellen officially confirms that he will reprise the role of Gandalf in "The Hobbit" film adaptations

    College Football, 13th BCS National Championship, University of Phoenix Stadium: #1 Auburn beats #2 Oregon, 22-19 Stampede near Sabarimala in Kerala, India kills 104 devotees and injures 100 more Tunisian president Ben Ali, flees to Saudi Arabia after popular protests known as the Jasmine Revolution 16th Critics' Choice Movie Awards: The Social Network wins Best Film

Event of Interest

Jan 16 French politician Marine Le Pen becomes the leader of the National Front Party

    "Sure Thing" single released by Miguel (Billboard Song of the Year 2011) AFC Championship, Heinz Field, Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh Steelers beat New York Jets, 24-19 NFC Championship, Soldier Field, Chicago: Green Bay Packers beat Chicago Bears, 21-14 At least 35 died and 180 injured in a bombing at Moscow's Domodedovo airport.

Album Release

Jan 24 "21" 2nd studio album by Adele is released (Grammy Award for Album of the Year 2012, Brit Award for British Album of the Year, 2011 Billboard Album of the Year)

    Egyptian Revolution of 2011 begins with a series of street demonstrations, rallies, acts of civil disobedience, labor strikes and violent clashes in Cairo, Alexandria and other major cities UK announces it had a shock economic contraction of 0.5% in Q4 2010, due to severe winter weather and budget cuts implemented by the coalition government

Event of Interest

Jan 28 Hundreds of thousands of protesters fill the Egyptian's streets against the Hosni Mubarak's regime in demonstrations referred to as the "Friday of Anger"

Australian Open Women's Tennis

Jan 29 Australian Open Women's Tennis: Kim Clijsters wins her 4th and final Grand Slam title beats Li Na of China 3-6, 6-3, 6-3

Australian Men's Tennis Open

Jan 30 Australian Open Men's Tennis: Novak Đoković wins his 2nd Australian title beats Scotsman Andy Murray 6-4, 6-2, 6-3

    58th NHL All-Star Game, RBC Centre, Raleigh, NC: Team Lidstrom beats Team Staal, 11-10 MVP: Patrick Sharp, Chicago, LW 27th Sundance Film Festival: "Like Crazy", directed by Drake Doremus, wins Grand Jury Prize Dramatic All available blocks of IPv4 internet addresses are officially distributed to regional authorities.

Hall of Fame

Feb 5 Ed Sabol, co-founder of NFL Films, elected for enshrinement in the Pro Football Hall of Fame

Super Bowl

Feb 6 Super Bowl XLV, Cowboys Stadium, Arlington, TX: Green Bay Packers beat Pittsburgh Steelers, 31-25 MVP: Aaron Rodgers, Green Bay, QB

Event of Interest

Feb 7 Laureus World Sports Awards, Emirates Palace, Abu Dhabi, UAE: Sportsman: Rafael Nadal Sportswoman: Lindsey Vonn Team: Spanish Men's National Football team

Event of Interest

Feb 9 Nicki Minaj's Pink Friday album reaches number one on the Billboard 200 in its eleventh week on the chart

    Latvia leaves deep recession with an annualised growth of 3.7% in the last quarter of 2010, it is reported today 61st Berlin International Film Festival: "A Separation" wins the Golden Bear Egyptian Revolution culminates in the resignation of Hosni Mubarak and the transfer of power to the Supreme Military Council after 18 days of protests (Arab Spring)

Grammy Awards

Feb 13 53rd Grammy Awards: "Need You Now" Esperanza Spalding Lady Gaga Usher Jeff Beck win

    64th British Film and Television Awards (BAFTAS): "The King's Speech" Best Film, David Fincher Best Director The 2011 Bahraini uprising commenced.

Event of Interest

Feb 15 Libyan protests begin opposing Colonel Muammar al-Gaddafi's rule

Event of Interest

Feb 15 US President Barack Obama awards writer and activist Maya Angelou the Presidential Medal of Freedom

    "A Separation" written and directed by Asghar Farhad, starring Leila Hatamiand and Payman Maadi premieres at the Fajr Film Festival in Tehran (Academy Award Best Foreign Film)

NBA All-Star Game

Feb 20 60th NBA All-Star Game, Staples Center, Los Angeles, CA: West beats East, 148-143 MVP: Kobe Bryant, LA Lakers, F

    53rd Daytona 500: 20 year old Trevor Bayne, driving for Wood Brothers Racing, wins to become the youngest Daytona 500 winner Thailand's GDP rose 3.8% in the fourth quarter of 2010 after a minor recession caused by GDP contractions of 0.4% in the second quarter and 0.3% in the third quarter of 2010, it is reported today An earthquake measuring 6.3 in magnitude strikes Christchurch, New Zealand, killing 181 people Venezuela's economy grew 0.6% in the last quarter of 2010, technically leaving the recession after six quarters, it is reported today Final Launch of Space Shuttle Discovery (OV-103). In the Irish general election, the Fianna Fáil-led government suffered the worst defeat of a sitting government since the formation of the Irish state in 1921 French fashion house Christian Dior suspends its chief designer John Galliano after he is arrested for an anti-semitic verbal attack in Paris 31st Golden Raspberry Awards: "The Last Airbender" wins

Academy Awards

Feb 27 83rd Academy Awards: Best Picture "The King's Speech", Colin Firth and Natalie Portman win best acting awards

Academy Awards

Feb 27 83rd Academy Awards: Trent Reznor and Atticus Ross win Best Original Score for 'The Social Network'

    Tomb of a 700 year old female mummy, discovered by road workers, opened in Taizhou, Jiangsu, China One of cricket’s great upsets Kevin O’Brien smokes fastest century in World Cup history off 50 balls (ends 113 off 63) to help Ireland beat England by 3 wickets in Bangalore 42nd NAACP Image Awards: "For Colored Girls" wins Outstanding Motion Picture David Silva scores 38' winner as Manchester City scores 1-0 win over Wigan at City of Manchester Stadium to start EPL record 20 home game winning streak streak ends 31/3/12

Event of Interest

Mar 7 Charlie Sheen is fired from the CBS sitcom "Two and a Half Men"

    "Crazy Girl" single released by Eli Young Band (ACM Awards Song of the Year 2012, Billboard Song of the Year 2011) Space Shuttle Discovery makes its final landing after 39 flights 9.0 magnitude earthquake strikes 130 km (80 miles) east of Sendai, Japan, triggering a tsunami killing thousands of people and causing the second worst nuclear accident in history at Fukushima nuclear plant A reactor at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant melts and explodes and releases radioactivity into the atmosphere a day after Japan's earthquake. 32nd Big East Men's Basketball Tournament: #9 Connecticut beats #3 Louisville, 69-66 58th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: #5 Duke beats #6 North Carolina, 75-58 52nd SEC Men's Basketball Tournament: Kentucky beats Florida, 70-54

Event of Interest

Mar 16 U.S. Postal Service issues a set of five "Latin Music Legends" stamps, including one of Carlos Gardel

    MESSENGER spacecraft enters Mercury's orbit Despite a final round 24-8 defeat to Ireland at the new Aviva Stadium in Dublin, England wins the Six Nations Rugby Championship courtesy of their opening 4 straight victories

Event of Interest

Mar 22 Lawrence Taylor pleads guilty for misdemeanors of sexual misconduct and is sentenced to six years probation

    Global credit information group Experian report that economic recovery in Wales slower than the rest of the UK, forecasting growth of 1.6% vs 2.2% for the rest of the UK After protests against the burning of the Quran turned violent, a mob attacked a United Nations compound in Mazar-i-Sharif, Afghanistan and killed thirteen people, including eight foreign workers.

Event of Interest

Apr 1 Alan Rickman's last performance in "Seminar" on Broadway

Event of Interest

Apr 2 Cricket World Cup, Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai: India beats Sri Lanka by 6 wickets first country to win on home soil MS Dhoni Man of the Match, Yuvraj Singh, Player of Series

    Kraft Nabisco Championship Women's Golf, Mission Hills CC: Stacy Lewis shoots final round 69 to win her first major, 3 strokes ahead of defending champion Yani Tseng


Apr 3 WrestleMania XXVII, Georgia Dome, Atlanta GA (71,617): Edge defeats Alberto Del Rio The Undertaker downs Triple H The Miz beats John Cena

    73rd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Connecticut beats Butler, 53-41 Huskies' point guard Kemba Walker scores 16 points 30th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Texas A&M beats Notre Dame, 76-70 Aggies center Danielle Adams scores 22 of her 30 points in the 2nd half Gunman murders five people, injures eleven, and commits suicide in a mall in the Netherlands 164th Grand National: Jason Maguire wins aboard Irish 14/1 shot Ballabriggs first GN win for trainer Donald McCain Jr., son of 4-time winning trainer Ginger McCain 75th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Charl Schwartzel of South Africa birdies the final 4 holes to win his first major title, 2 strokes ahead of Australian pair Adam Scott and Jason Day Minsk Metro bombing in Belarus kills at least 15 and injures over 200 "Black Friday" for online poker in the US: indictment United States v. Scheinberg shuts down sites, accusing companies of fraud and money laundering "Thor", directed by Kenneth Branagh, starring Chris Hemsworth and Natalie Portman, premieres in Sydney, Australia

Event of Interest

Apr 17 "Game of Thrones", based on the fantasy novels by George R. R. Martin premieres on HBO

    115th Boston Marathon: Kenyan double Geoffrey Mutai wins men's race in record 2:03:02 Caroline Kilel takes women's section in 2:22:36

Event of Interest

Apr 19 Fidel Castro resigns from the Communist Party of Cuba's central committee after 45 years of holding the title.

    Zach Daniels defeated Rick Michaels to become the new TNT Heavyweight Champion. At least 300 people killed in deadliest tornado outbreak in the Southern United States since the 1974 Super Outbreak. Deadliest day of the 2011 super outbreak of tornadoes, the largest tornado outbreak in United States history

Event of Interest

Apr 27 U.S. President Barack Obama, coerced by incessant false "birther" accusations, publicly releases a copy of his birth certificate


May 1 Pope John Paul II is beatified by his successor, Pope Benedict XVI

Event of Interest

May 2 Osama bin Laden, the suspected mastermind behind the September 11 attacks and the FBI's most wanted man is killed by US special forces in Abbottabad, Pakistan

    The 2011 E. coli O104:H4 outbreak strikes Europe, mostly in Germany, leaving more than 30 people dead and many others sick from the bacteria outbreak.

Event of Interest

May 2 Flavor Flav is arrested on four outstanding misdemeanor warrants for various driving offenses

    The US Department of Labor states that 244,000 jobs were created in April, with 235,000 added in February and 221,000 in March, but unemployment continues to grow, reaching 9% 137th Kentucky Derby: John Velazquez aboard Animal Kingdom wins in 2:02.04

Film Premier

May 7 "Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides", directed by Rob Marshall, starring Johnny Depp and Penélope Cruz, premieres in - opening weekend makes $350.6m

    The Tradition Senior Men's Golf, Shoal Creek G&CC: Tom Lehman wins second of 3 Champions Tour majors with par on 2nd playoff hole against Australian Peter Senior

Album Release

May 10 Christina Perri releases her debut studio album, "lovestrong"

    Portugal slips into double-dip recession after the economy contracts by 0.7% in the first quarter of 2011, with a 0.6% contraction in the last quarter of 2010, it is reported today Romania officially leaves the recession after 2 years following economic growth of an annualised 1.6% in the first quarter 56th Eurovision Song Contest: Ell & Nikki for Azerbaijan wins singing "Running Scared" in Dusseldorf English FA Cup Final, Wembley Stadium, London (88,643): Manchester City beats Stoke City, 1-0 Yaya Touré scores 74' winner Citizens' 5th title

Film Premier

May 15 "The Artist" directed by Michel Hazanavicius and starring Jean Dujardin and Bérénice Bejo premieres at the Cannes Film festival (Best Picture 2012)

    PGA Players Championship, TPC at Sawgrass: K. J. Choi of South Korea defeats David Toms on the first hole of a sudden-death playoff to win $1.71 million winner's cheque Space shuttle Endeavour launches on its final commission in space

Event of Interest

May 19 Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer, project to search for dark matter, led by Samuel C. C. Ting, installed on the International Space Station

    136th Preakness: Jesús Castañón aboard Shackleford wins in 1:56.47 An EF5 Tornado strikes the US city of Joplin, Missouri killing at least 158 people, the single deadliest US tornado since modern record keeping began in 1950

Music Awards

May 22 19th Billboard Music Awards: Eminem, Recovery win

Event of Interest

May 25 Oprah Winfrey airs her last show, ending her twenty five year run of The Oprah Winfrey Show

Music Awards

    NHL Eastern Conference Finals: Boston Bruins beat Tampa Bay Lightning, 4 games to 3 UEFA Champions League Final, London: FC Barcelona beats Manchester United, 3-1 4th title for Barça IPL Cricket Final, M. A. Chidambaram Stadium, Chennai: Chennai Super Kings beat Royal Challengers Bangalore by 58 runs Murali Vijay 95 (52), Ravichandran Ashwin 3/16 Indianapolis 500: 2005 champion Dan Wheldon of England wins his 2nd Indy 500 4 months later he is killed in a race accident in Las Vegas

Event of Interest

May 29 Hong Kong student activist group Scholarism started by Joshua Wong and Ivan Lam

Event of Interest

May 29 Senior PGA Championship Men’s Golf, Valhalla GC: Tom Watson wins his 6th and final Champions Tour major title with a birdie on the first playoff hole against David Eger

    French Open Women's Tennis: Li Na becomes first Chinese player to win a Grand Slam singles title beats Italian defending champion Francesca Schiavone 6-4, 7-6 French Open Men's Tennis: Defending champion Rafael Nadal wins his 6th French title beats Roger Federer 7-5, 7-6, 5-7, 6-1 MLB Draft: UCLA pitcher Gerrit Cole first pick by Pittsburgh Pirates 45th CMT Music Awards: Taylor Swift, Miranda Lambert & Blake Shelton wins 143rd Belmont: Jose Valdivia Jr aboard Ruler On Ice wins in 2:30.88 NBA Finals: Dallas Mavericks beat Miami Heat, 105-95 in Game 6 for first title in franchise history MVP: Dirk Nowitzki 65th Tony Awards: The Book of Mormon & War Horse win Christchurch, New Zealand is hit by another strong earthquake measuring magnitude 6.3 Stanley Cup Final, Rogers Arena, Vancouver, BC: Boston Bruins defeat Vancouver Canucks, 4-0 for 4-3 series win Bruins end 39-year Stanley Cup drought US Open Men's Golf, Congressional CC: Irishman Rory McIlroy wins by 8 strokes ahead of Australian Jason Day sets 11 tournament records, including lowest total 72-hole score (268) and lowest total under par (−16)

Event of Interest

Jun 22 After hiding for 16 years, Boston gangster Whitey Bulger is arrested outside an apartment in Santa Monica, California

    Glastonbury Festival 2011 in Pilton, England opens: U2, Coldplay, and Beyoncé headline other performers include B.B. King, Paul Simon, Mumford and Sons, Morrissey, and Wu-Tang Clan

Film Premier

Jun 23 "Transformers: Dark of the Moon", directed by Michael Bay and starring Shia LaBeouf premieres at the Moscow Film Festival

Event of Interest

Jun 23 NBA Draft: Duke point guard Kyrie Irving first pick Cleveland Cavaliers

Appointment of Interest

Jun 24 Italian economist Mario Draghi is confirmed as new President of the European Central Bank

    NHL Draft: Red Deer Rebels (WHL) center Ryan Nugent-Hopkins first pick by Edmonton Oilers LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Locust Hill CC: Yani Tseng of Taiwan scores her 4th major title win by 10 strokes over Morgan Pressel

Election of Interest

Jun 28 Christine Lagarde becomes the 1st women to be elected head of the International Monetary Fund (IMF)

    NBA owners begin the second player lockout in 12 years, shortening the season by 16 games before a salary agreement was reached

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

Jul 2 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Czech left hander Petra Kvitová wins her first Grand Slam title beating Maria Sharapova 6-3, 6-4

    American twin brothers Bob & Mike Bryan earn their record equalling 11th Grand Slam doubles title with a straight sets win over Robert Lindstedt & Horia Tecău at Wimbledon Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Novak Đoković of Serbia beats Spaniard Rafael Nadal 6-4, 6-1, 1-6, 6-3 for his first Wimbledon title "Somebody That I Used to Know" single released by Gotye ft. Kimbra (Grammy Award Best Pop Duo/Group Performance, Record of the Year 2013) Roof of a stand in De Grolsch Veste Stadium in Enschede which was under construction collapses, one killed and 14 injured.

Film Premier

Jul 7 "Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows part 2", the last Harry Potter film, premieres in London

    Space Shuttle Atlantis is launched in the final mission of the U.S. Space Shuttle program South Sudan gains independence and secedes from Sudan. Super Rugby Final, Suncorp Stadium, Brisbane: Queensland Reds beat Canterbury Crusaders 18-13 at home for their first SR title

British Golf Open

Jul 17 British Open Men's Golf, Royal St George's GC: Darren Clarke of Northern Ireland claims his only major title wins by 3 strokes from American pair Dustin Johnson and Phil Mickelson.

    FIFA Women's World Cup Final, Commerzbank-Arena, Frankfurt, Germany: Japan beats US, 3-1 on penalties 2-2 after extra time

Film Premier

Jul 19 "Captain America: The First Avenger", directed by Joe Johnston, starring Chris Evans and Hayley Atwell, premieres in Los Angeles

    NASA's Space Shuttle program ends with the landing of Space Shuttle Atlantis on mission STS-135 44th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at San Diego Convention Center Norway is the victim of twin terror attacks, the first a bomb blast targeting government buildings in central Oslo, second a massacre at a youth camp on island of Utøya 98th Tour de France won by Cadel Evans of Australia first and only Australian to win the event British Senior Open Men's Golf, Walton Heath: Russ Cochran wins by 2 shots from fellow American Mark Calcavecchia Copa América Final, River Plate Stadium, Buenos Aires: Diego Forlán scores twice as Uruguay beats Paraguay, 3–0 to earn their 15th title US Senior Open Men's Golf, Inverness Club: Olin Browne wins by 3 strokes ahead of Mark O'Meara 5th player in history to win on Nationwide Tour, PGA Tour and Champions Tour British Open Women's Golf, Carnoustie GL: Yani Tseng of Taiwan becomes first to successfully defend the Open as a major championship, 4 strokes ahead of Brittany Lang Mark Duggan is shot by police in London at 29, sparking widespread riots that cost an estimated £200 million worth of property damage Svalbard Polar Bear Attack - a rogue Polar Bear attacks and kills a British schoolboy

Event of Interest

Aug 20 Senior Players Championship Men's Golf, Westchester CC: Fred Couples wins first of 2 Champions Tour major titles with birdie on 3rd playoff hole against John Cook

    5.8 earthquake occurs in Mineral, Virginia felt as far north as Ontario and as far south as Atlanta, Georgia Libyan leader Muammar al-Gaddafi is overthrown after the National Transitional Council forces take control of Bab al-Azizia compound during the 2011 Libyan Civil War.

Event of Interest

Aug 24 Steve Jobs resigns as CEO of Apple Inc., and is succeeded by Tim Cook, as a result of his illness

    The 787 Dreamliner, Boeing's all-new composite airliner, receives certification from the EASA and the FAA 13th Athletics World Championships open at Daegu, South Korea Australia claims final Tri Nations Rugby Series with 25-20 win over New Zealand in Brisbane Argentina's Pumas join competition the following year series rebranded The Rugby Championship

Video Music Awards

    Canadian Open Women's Golf, Hillsdale CC: Brittany Lincicome wins by 1 stroke from Michelle Wie and Stacy Lewis "Tha Carter IV" 9th studio album by Lil Wayne is released 68th Venice Film Festival: "Faust" directed by Alexander Sokurov wins Golden Lion

Event of Interest

Sep 3 Following his disqualification in the 100m, Jamaica's Usain Bolt runs a season best 19.40 to win the 200m at the World Athletics Championships in South Korea

    Plane crash in Russia kills 43 people, including nearly the entire roster of the Lokomotiv Yaroslavl Kontinental Hockey League team Fashion designer John Galliano is found guilty of anti-semitic remarks in a Paris court and fined €6,000 58th National Film Awards (India): "Adaminte Makan Abu" wins the Golden Lotus

US Open Women's Tennis

Sep 10 US Open Women's Tennis: Samantha Stosur becomes first Australian to win a Grand Slam title since 1980 upsets Serena Williams 6-2, 6-3

Music Single

Sep 12 "Love On Top" single released by Beyoncé (Grammy Award Best Traditional R&B Performance 2013, Billboard Song of the Year 2012)

Election of Interest

Sep 14 Elizabeth Warren announces she intends to run for the Democratic nomination for the 2012 Massachusetts Senatorial election

Right Direction or Wrong Track

Thirty-nine percent (39%) of Likely U.S. Voters think the country is heading in the right direction, according to a new Rasmussen Reports national telephone and online survey for the week ending June 17, 2021.

This week’s finding is up one point from a week ago. LINK to 38% Say U.S. Heading in Right Direction

(Want a free daily e-mail update? If it's in the news, it's in our polls). Rasmussen Reports updates are also available on Twitter or Facebook.

The national telephone survey of 2,500 Likely Voters was conducted by Rasmussen Reports from June 13-17, 2021. The margin of sampling error for the survey is +/- 2 percentage points with a 95% level of confidence. Field work for all Rasmussen Reports surveys is conducted by Pulse Opinion Research, LLC. See methodology.

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Research analysis

Further analysis of the results indicates that countries with the least protection for press and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) also tend to have the worst rates of corruption.

Every week at least one journalist is killed in a country that is highly corrupt.

The analysis, which incorporates data from the Committee to Protect Journalists, shows that of all journalists who were killed in the last six years, more than 9 out of 10 were killed in countries that score 45 or less on the index.

Full research analysis: Digging deeper into corruption, violence against journalists and active civil society

Learn more about corruption worldwide and how you can help | Corruption Perceptions Index 2017

Thank you!

The celebrations and studies spread quickly, as the ASALH tells it, driving demand for teaching materials and spurring the formation of black history clubs. But, though a newfound understanding of black culture and literature was spreading amongst the middle class, the idea of expanding the week to a month did not come until several decades later. During the Civil Rights Movement, Freedom Schools in the South embraced the week and its curriculum message as a way to contribute to the mission. By the mid-1960s, the most popular textbook for eighth-grade U.S. history classes mentioned only two black people in the entire century of history that had transpired since the Civil War&mdashand that problem could no longer be ignored. It was in that decade that colleges and universities across the country transformed the week into a Black History Month on campus.

A number of mayors had already adopted the celebration as a municipal event by the time President Gerald Ford decreed Black History Month a national observance in 1976, on both the fiftieth anniversary of the first iteration and America’s bicentennial year.

“In celebrating Black History Month,” Ford said in his message, “we can seize the opportunity to honor the too-often neglected accomplishments of black Americans in every area of endeavor throughout our history.”

Presidents have issued national decrees with each year’s theme since the 1970s. African American History Month’s 2016 theme is “Hallowed Grounds: Sites of African American Memories.”

Price of a Pack of Cigarettes the Year You Were Born

> Avg. price per pack: .23
> State and federal cigarette taxes: .11
> Inflation adjusted price: $1.44
> Annual consumption per capita: 2,380 cigarettes
> Lung & bronchus cancer deaths: 18.6 per 100,000

> Avg. price per pack: .23
> State and federal cigarette taxes: .11
> Inflation adjusted price: $1.47
> Annual consumption per capita: 2,322 cigarettes
> Lung & bronchus cancer deaths: 19.8 per 100,000

> Avg. price per pack: .24
> State and federal cigarette taxes: .11
> Inflation adjusted price: $1.48
> Annual consumption per capita: 2,346 cigarettes
> Lung & bronchus cancer deaths: 21.1 per 100,000

> Avg. price per pack: .25
> State and federal cigarette taxes: .12
> Inflation adjusted price: $1.50
> Annual consumption per capita: 2,397 cigarettes
> Lung & bronchus cancer deaths: 21.9 per 100,000

> Avg. price per pack: .26
> State and federal cigarette taxes: .12
> Inflation adjusted price: $1.51
> Annual consumption per capita: 2,437 cigarettes
> Lung & bronchus cancer deaths: 22.6 per 100,000

> Avg. price per pack: .26
> State and federal cigarette taxes: .13
> Inflation adjusted price: $1.51
> Annual consumption per capita: 2,544 cigarettes
> Lung & bronchus cancer deaths: 23.7 per 100,000

> Avg. price per pack: .26
> State and federal cigarette taxes: .13
> Inflation adjusted price: $1.49
> Annual consumption per capita: 2,645 cigarettes
> Lung & bronchus cancer deaths: 24.8 per 100,000

> Avg. price per pack: .26
> State and federal cigarette taxes: .13
> Inflation adjusted price: $1.46
> Annual consumption per capita: 2,664 cigarettes
> Lung & bronchus cancer deaths: 26.1 per 100,000

> Avg. price per pack: .27
> State and federal cigarette taxes: .13
> Inflation adjusted price: $1.49
> Annual consumption per capita: 2,668 cigarettes
> Lung & bronchus cancer deaths: 27.4 per 100,000

> Avg. price per pack: .28
> State and federal cigarette taxes: .14
> Inflation adjusted price: $1.54
> Annual consumption per capita: 2,707 cigarettes
> Lung & bronchus cancer deaths: 28.6 per 100,000

Daily Readings

Moses said to the people:
"Ask now of the days of old, before your time,
ever since God created man upon the earth
ask from one end of the sky to the other:
Did anything so great ever happen before?
Was it ever heard of?
Did a people ever hear the voice of God
speaking from the midst of fire, as you did, and live?
Or did any god venture to go and take a nation for himself
from the midst of another nation,
by testings, by signs and wonders, by war,
with strong hand and outstretched arm, and by great terrors,
all of which the LORD, your God,
did for you in Egypt before your very eyes?
This is why you must now know,
and fix in your heart, that the LORD is God
in the heavens above and on earth below,
and that there is no other.
You must keep his statutes and commandments that I enjoin on you today,
that you and your children after you may prosper,
and that you may have long life on the land
which the LORD, your God, is giving you forever."

Responsorial Psalm

R. (12b) Blessed the people the Lord has chosen to be his own.
Upright is the word of the LORD,
and all his works are trustworthy.
He loves justice and right
of the kindness of the Lord the earth is full.
R. Blessed the people the Lord has chosen to be his own.
By the word of the LORD the heavens were made
by the breath of his mouth all their host.
For he spoke, and it was made
he commanded, and it stood forth.
R. Blessed the people the Lord has chosen to be his own.
See, the eyes of the LORD are upon those who fear him,
upon those who hope for his kindness,
To deliver them from death
and preserve them in spite of famine.
R. Blessed the people the Lord has chosen to be his own.
Our soul waits for the LORD,
who is our help and our shield.
May your kindness, O LORD, be upon us
who have put our hope in you.
R. Blessed the people the Lord has chosen to be his own.

Phantom of the Opera

The stage musical "Phantom of the Opera" debuts in London's West End.

More Information for Phantom of the Opera

1. Andrew Lloyd Webber’s stage musical adaptation of “The Phantom of the Opera” has its West End debut during October of 1986.

2. The musical proved to be incredibly popular and won Musical of the Year and Best Actor in a musical for lead Michael Crawford at that year’s Laurence Olivier Awards in London.

3. “The Phantom of the Opera” made its way to Broadway in 1988, where it would win several Tony Awards.

4. It has since become the second longest-running musical in the West End (behind Les Misérables) and the longest-running musical on Broadway.

5. It is estimated to have earned over $5 billion and been seen in 148 cities by over 130 million people.

Data Sources

Statistical Methods and Measurement Caveats

National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH)

  • NSDUH participants are representative of the civilian, non-institutionalized population aged 12 years old or older residing within the United States. Only adults 18 years and older are asked about suicidal thoughts and behavior.
  • The survey covers residents of households (persons living in houses/townhouses, apartments, condominiums civilians living in housing on military bases, etc.) and persons in non-institutional group quarters (e.g., shelters, rooming/boarding houses, college dormitories, migratory workers' camps, and halfway houses).
  • The survey does not cover persons who, for the entire year, had no fixed address (e.g., homeless and/or transient persons not in shelters) were on active military duty or who resided in institutional group quarters (e.g., correctional facilities, nursing homes, mental institutions, long-term hospitals).
  • Sex (i.e. male and female) was recorded by the interviewer.

Interview Response and Completion:

  • In 2019, 35.1% of the NSDUH adult sample did not complete the interview.
  • Reasons for non-response to interviewing include: refusal to participate (23.9%) respondent unavailable or never at home (6.2%) and various other reasons, such as physical/mental incompetence or language barriers (5.0%).
  • People with suicidal behavior may disproportionately fall into these non-response categories. While NSDUH weighting includes non-response adjustments to reduce bias, these adjustments may not fully account for differential non-response by suicide behavior status.

Please see the 2019 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Methodological Summary and Definitions report for further information on how these data were collected and calculated.

Watch the video: Silence


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